Europe is facing a historical moment with one of the worst refugee crises in decades. Managing this emergency is complex but Europe has the experience and the capacity to cope. The OECD has been monitoring recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries, and analysing integration policies of immigrants and their children into education and labour markets. Our work shows that migration, if well managed, plays a positive role in the economy spurring growth and innovation. 


Governments must address anti-immigration backlash
19 September 2016
OECD countries need to address the growing anti-immigration backlash and reinforce migration and integration policies while fostering international cooperation in this area, according to a new OECD report.


Refugee crisis: Enough words, now it is time for action, Article by OECD Secretary-General
19 September 2016
This article argues that urgent action must be taken to manage refugee flows in a coordinated manner and effectively integrate them in order to maximise the economic and social opportunities created by their arrival.


The Refugee Crisis ─ Challenges and Responses for Social Investment, Speech by OECD Secretary-General
17 May 2016
The latest statistics suggest refugee flows to host countries are growing – in 2015, a record high 1.3 million people sought asylum in the EU. In assessing the impact of these flows, critics tend to focus on the upfront costs for host countries, while ignoring the economic benefits. Effective integration policies are the key to unlocking the hidden social and economic dividends from the refugee crisis. 


Main findings of the International Migration Outlook

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Latest Books

International Migration Outlook 2016
19 September 2016
The 2016 edition analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and selected non-OECD countries. It looks at the evolution of the labour market outcomes of recent immigrants in OECD countries.


Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Europe 2016
7 June 2016
The OECD series Recruiting Immigrant Workers comprises country studies of labour migration policies. This particular volume looks at the efficiency of European Union instruments for managing labour migration.

Making Integration Work: Refugees and others in need of protection
28 January 2016
The OECD series Making Integration Work draws on key lessons from the OECD’s work on integration, particularly the Jobs for Immigrants country reviews series. This first volume deals with refugees and others in need of protection, referred to as humanitarian migrants. 

 Immigrant Students at School - Easing the Journey towards Integration
 17 December 2015
 This report reveals some of the difficulties immigrant students encounter – and some of the contributions they offer – as they settle into their new communities and new schools.


Connecting with Emigrants - A Global Profile of Diasporas 2015
3 November 2015
This report offers the most comprehensive picture of diasporas from 140 countries in the world, with a special focus on educational attainment and labour force status, as well as their evolution over a 10-year period.

‌Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2015 - Settling In
2 July 2015
This joint publication by the OECD and the European Commission presents the first broad international comparison across all EU and OECD countries of the outcomes for immigrants and their children, through 27 indicators organised around five areas: Employment, education and skills, social inclusion, civic engagement and social cohesion.


Key data

Recent analysis

Can we put an end to human smuggling?
In the first ten months of 2015, more than 1.2 million illegal border crossings at the external border of the EU have been detected. This edition of Migration Policy Debates scrutinises the factors that facilitate human trafficking, as well as the smuggling routes to OECD countries. It synthesises available evidence and reviews existing policy tools for tackling such crime.

How will the refugee surge affect the European economy?
A policy note on the potential fiscal and labour market impact of the refugee crisis in Europe.

Is this humanitarian migration crisis different?
The current humanitarian crisis is unprecedented with an appalling and unacceptable human cost. This issue of Migration Policy Debates looks at the most recent developments in the humanitarian migration crisis and what makes this crisis different from previous ones.

Is the United States still the land of opportunities for migrants?
It is often said that the United States is a nation of immigrants. But taking into account the large changes in the composition and scale of migration flows and the current economic environment, how are new Americans faring?

Is migration good for the economy?
This paper looks at the evidence for how immigrants affect the economy in three main areas: The labour market, the public purse and economic growth.

Who should be admitted as a labour migrant?
Every OECD country has some form of labour migration to meet skill needs – from high-level to low-level skills – and to support economic growth. Even so, there is often public concern over its impact on the domestic workforce and on incentives for firms to invest in native workers’ education and training.

How can migrants’ skills be put to use?
Immigrants now account for almost 1 in 10 people living in OECD countries and are a growing presence in our societies and workforces.  But there are barriers to integrating them into the labour force not least ensuring that immigrants are able to make best use of their skills.

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