Europe is facing a historical moment with one of the worst refugee crises in decades. Managing this emergency is complex but Europe has the experience and the capacity to cope. The OECD has been monitoring recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries, and analysing integration policies of immigrants and their children into education and labour markets. Our work shows that migration, if well managed, plays a positive role in the economy spurring growth and innovation. 


Europe is underachieving in the global competition for talent
7 June 2016
The European Union should reform its legal labour migration policies to get its fair share of the global talent pool, according to a new report published by the OECD.


Europe will win from integration
26 May 2016
The unfolding refugee crisis requires a bold, comprehensive and global response. At the same time, OECD countries should adapt their policies to foster the integration of those who are going to stay. While this implies significant up-front costs, it is also essential to reaping sizeable medium- to long-term social and economic benefits.

The Refugee Crisis ─ Challenges and Responses for Social Investment
, Speech by OECD Secretary-General
17 May 2016
The latest statistics suggest refugee flows to host countries are growing – in 2015, a record high 1.3 million people sought asylum in the EU. In assessing the impact of these flows, critics tend to focus on the upfront costs for host countries, while ignoring the economic benefits. Effective integration policies are the key to unlocking the hidden social and economic dividends from the refugee crisis. 

Interview with OECD Secretary-General

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Recent Analysis

Can we put an end to human smuggling?
In the first ten months of 2015, more than 1.2 million illegal border crossings at the external border of the EU have been detected. This edition of Migration Policy Debates scrutinises the factors that facilitate human trafficking, as well as the smuggling routes to OECD countries. It synthesises available evidence and reviews existing policy tools for tackling such crime.

How will the refugee surge affect the European economy?
A policy note on the potential fiscal and labour market impact of the refugee crisis in Europe.

Is this humanitarian migration crisis different?
The current humanitarian crisis is unprecedented with an appalling and unacceptable human cost. This issue of Migration Policy Debates looks at the most recent developments in the humanitarian migration crisis and what makes this crisis different from previous ones.

Is the United States still the land of opportunities for migrants?
It is often said that the United States is a nation of immigrants. But taking into account the large changes in the composition and scale of migration flows and the current economic environment, how are new Americans faring?

Is migration good for the economy?
This paper looks at the evidence for how immigrants affect the economy in three main areas: The labour market, the public purse and economic growth.

Who should be admitted as a labour migrant?
Every OECD country has some form of labour migration to meet skill needs – from high-level to low-level skills – and to support economic growth. Even so, there is often public concern over its impact on the domestic workforce and on incentives for firms to invest in native workers’ education and training.

How can migrants’ skills be put to use?
Immigrants now account for almost 1 in 10 people living in OECD countries and are a growing presence in our societies and workforces.  But there are barriers to integrating them into the labour force not least ensuring that immigrants are able to make best use of their skills.


Now more than ever, migration policy needs to be comprehensive and co-ordinated 
By Stefano Scarpetta, Director, OECD Employment, Labour and Social Affairs
22 September 2015 - OECD countries are facing an unprecedented refugee crisis. In 2014, more than 800 000 asylum applications were recorded, an historical high, but the figure for 2015 is expected to be even higher. This is clearly an emergency situation that requires a co-ordinated response at both European and global levels.


Financial education and the long-term integration of refugees and migrants
2 February 2016
Beyond the necessary immediate humanitarian response, the successful integration of refugees also depends on how well they adapt to the economic and financial systems in host countries. This brochure looks at how financial education can contribute to longer term policies aimed at facilitating the integration of refugees.


Call for stronger international coordination to respond to refugee crisis
By Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General
12 November 2015 - “These actions [...] need to be complemented by active measures focused on the medium and longer-term challenges, with a view to foster the integration of refugees and their children and to start rebuilding trust on migration issues".


Joining the battle against extremism
By Andreas Schleicher, OECD Director for Education and Skills
Whoever has a hammer sees every problem as a nail. Those in the security business tend to see the answer to radicalism and terrorism in military might, and those in the financial business in cutting flows of money. So it is only natural for educators to view the struggle against radicalism and terrorism as a battle for hearts and minds.


Nearly a million people claimed asylum in the European Union just last year. But how are countries handling this influx? NPR's Audie Cornish talks to Thomas Liebig, senior migration specialist at the OECD.


Integration of immigrants and their children
The legacy of where you or your parents were born still casts a long shadow on your life chances. The children of immigrants continue to face major difficulties integrating in OECD countries, especially in the European Union, where their poor educational outcomes leave many struggling to find work, according to a new OECD/EU report.





Latest Books

Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Europe 2016
7 June 2016
The OECD series Recruiting Immigrant Workers comprises country studies of labour migration policies. This particular volume looks at the efficiency of European Union instruments for managing labour migration.



Making Integration Work: Refugees and others in need of protection
28 January 2016
The OECD series Making Integration Work draws on key lessons from the OECD’s work on integration, particularly the Jobs for Immigrants country reviews series. This first volume deals with refugees and others in need of protection, referred to as humanitarian migrants.


 Immigrant Students at School - Easing the Journey towards Integration
 17 December 2015
 This report reveals some of the difficulties immigrant students encounter – and some of the contributions they offer – as they settle into their new communities and new schools.


Connecting with Emigrants - A Global Profile of Diasporas 2015
3 November 2015
This report offers the most comprehensive picture of diasporas from 140 countries in the world, with a special focus on educational attainment and labour force status, as well as their evolution over a 10-year period.


‌International Migration Outlook 2015
22 September 2015
This publication analyses recent development in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and some non-member countries as well as the evolution of recent labour market outcomes of immigrants in OECD countries.


Migration in Ireland: Challenges, opportunities and policies
15 September 2015
The Irish labour market is exceptionally open to international migration flows, thus making labour supply highly responsive to changes in cyclical conditions. This chapter of the OECD Economic Surveys of Ireland 2015 identifies what are the key challenges to foster the labour market integration of immigrants.


‌Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2015 - Settling In
2 July 2015
This joint publication by the OECD and the European Commission presents the first broad international comparison across all EU and OECD countries of the outcomes for immigrants and their children, through 27 indicators organised around five areas: Employment, education and skills, social inclusion, civic engagement and social cohesion.


Talent Abroad: A Review of German Emigrants
1 June 2015
More than three million individuals who were born in Germany lived in another OECD country in 2010/11. To assess the potential that this group represents for the German labour market, this review establishes the distribution of German emigrants over OECD countries, as well as their age, sex, and educational attainment.


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