Europe is facing a historical moment with one of the worst refugee crises in decades. Managing this emergency is complex but Europe has the experience and the capacity to cope. The OECD has been monitoring recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries, and analysing integration policies of immigrants and their children into education and labour markets. Our work shows that migration, if well managed, plays a positive role in the economy spurring growth and innovation. 


Working together: Labour Market Integration of Refugees in Germany and other OECD Countries
March 2017
An unprecedented number of people have sought shelter in OECD countries in recent years. It is vital that refugees are able to integrate successfully in their host countries’ labour markets, so as to fully contribute to society. The OECD and the German Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs recently held a conference on the topic in Berlin.

Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development
February 2017
To make the most of migration, developing countries need a more coherent policy agenda, with the right mix of migration and non-migration policies. Policy makers should create an environment where people migrate by choice, not by force, and where migrants can contribute positively to the development of their countries of origin and of destination.

Refugees, facts and better policies
November 2016
Over 65 million people, or one person in 113, were displaced from their homes by conflict or persecution in 2015. UNHCR signed a memorandum of understanding with the OECD in June 2016 to increase collaboration between the two organisations in addressing the problems that arise from such forced displacement. Volker Türk, Assistant High Commissioner for Protection at UNHCR, explains the motives and aims behind this latest MoU.

Main findings of the International Migration Outlook

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‌Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development
February 2017
This report provides policy makers with evidence on the way migration influences specific sectors – labour market, agriculture, education, investment and financial services, and social protection and health – and, in turn, how sectoral policies affect migration.

Perspectives on Global Development 2017
December 2016
Despite growing economic dynamism in many developing regions, international migration flows are not being diverted towards these new alternative poles but rather are concentrating in advanced economies, according to this new OECD report.

International Migration Outlook 2016
19 September 2016
The 2016 edition analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and selected non-OECD countries. It looks at the evolution of the labour market outcomes of recent immigrants in OECD countries.

Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Europe 2016
7 June 2016
The OECD series Recruiting Immigrant Workers comprises country studies of labour migration policies. This particular volume looks at the efficiency of European Union instruments for managing labour migration.

Making Integration Work: Refugees and others in need of protection
28 January 2016
The OECD series Making Integration Work draws on key lessons from the OECD’s work on integration, particularly the Jobs for Immigrants country reviews series. This first volume deals with refugees and others in need of protection, referred to as humanitarian migrants.

Immigrant Students at School - Easing the Journey towards Integration
17 December 2015
This report reveals some of the difficulties immigrant students encounter – and some of the contributions they offer – as they settle into their new communities and new schools.

Connecting with Emigrants - A Global Profile of Diasporas 2015
3 November 2015
This report offers the most comprehensive picture of diasporas from 140 countries in the world, with a special focus on educational attainment and labour force status, as well as their evolution over a 10-year period.

Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2015 - Settling In
2 July 2015
This joint publication by the OECD and the European Commission presents the first broad international comparison across all EU and OECD countries of the outcomes for immigrants and their children, through 27 indicators organised around five areas: Employment, education and skills, social inclusion, civic engagement and social cohesion.

Key data

Recent analysis

Gender and Skilled Immigration: Challenges and Recommendations
While women comprise an equal proportion of migrant stock globally, they are underrepresented within skilled immigration flows, despite the increasing educational achievements of women globally. Why is this the case? And why should policy makers care?

Human migration, environment and climate change
Environmental migration is a fact, yet making sense of the debate and current evidence about environmental migration and finding solutions is challenging. So what is needed to link human mobility, disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and development to address environmental migration?

Migration: An overlooked tool for local development
The global approach to migration and development is typically framed at the national level. However, increasing evidence supports the idea of migration as a local development tool that can enhance the dynamism of territories receiving and sending migrants.

Can we put an end to human smuggling?
In the first ten months of 2015, more than 1.2 million illegal border crossings at the external border of the EU have been detected. This edition of Migration Policy Debates scrutinises the factors that facilitate human trafficking, as well as the smuggling routes to OECD countries. It synthesises available evidence and reviews existing policy tools for tackling such crime.

How will the refugee surge affect the European economy?
A policy note on the potential fiscal and labour market impact of the refugee crisis in Europe.

Is this humanitarian migration crisis different?
The current humanitarian crisis is unprecedented with an appalling and unacceptable human cost. This issue of Migration Policy Debates looks at the most recent developments in the humanitarian migration crisis and what makes this crisis different from previous ones.

Is the United States still the land of opportunities for migrants?
It is often said that the United States is a nation of immigrants. But taking into account the large changes in the composition and scale of migration flows and the current economic environment, how are new Americans faring?

Is migration good for the economy?
This paper looks at the evidence for how immigrants affect the economy in three main areas: The labour market, the public purse and economic growth.

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