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The tax burden in Mexico increased by 0.1 percentage points from 19.5% to 19.6% in 2012. The corresponding figure for the OECD average was an increase of 0.4 percentage points from 33.3% to 33.7%. The Mexican standard VAT rate is 16%, which is below the OECD average. The average VAT/GST standard rate in the OECD was 19.1% on 1 January 2014.
This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
Tax revenues in Latin American countries continue to rise but are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries. Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2012 shows that Argentina and Brazil have the highest tax revenue to GDP ratio, while Guatemala and Dominican Republic stand at the lower end.
Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.
Colombia and Mexico are a step closer to beneffiting from cross border tax co-operation and information sharing. Colombia has signed, and Mexico has deposited its instrument of ratification for the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.
Today, on the eve of the Pittsburgh G20 meeting, the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information dealing with tax matters, took major steps to confirm the end of the era of banking secrecy as a shield for tax evaders.
Angel Gurría reitero que gracias a la presión que los países del G-20 han ejercido a nivel internacional en la lucha contra la evasión fiscal, decenas de países y territorios están tomando las medidas necesarias para adherirse a los estándares internacionales de la OCDE. Afirmo, que la cooperación entre las administraciones fiscales es ahora una regla y que el umbral de tolerancia hacia la evasión fiscal es ahora de cero.
Mr. Gurría reminded that in recent months, thanks to pressure from the G20 to step up the drive against tax evasion, dozens of countries and territories have taken steps to conform to the international standards developed at the OECD. He affirmed that co-operation between tax administrations is now becoming the rule and the threshold of tolerance for tax evasion has dropped to zero.
Representatives of almost 100 governments have been invited to meet in Los Cabos, Mexico, on 1-2 September to decide next steps in a global campaign to improve transparency and exchange of banking and ownership information for tax purposes.
Latin America has a major role to play in building a new international financial and economic system, since it has accumulated substantial experience in managing financial crises and recovery programs, according to the OECD Secretary-General.