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This report sets out the challenge for freshwater in a changing climate and provides guidance on how to navigate this new “waterscape”. It highlights trends and practices drawn from the OECD Survey of Policies on Water and Climate Change Adaptation covering all 34 member countries and the EC. Each country profiles provide a snapshot of the challenges posed by climate change for freshwater and the emerging policy responses.
We are confident that these two reports will help Mexico to strengthen its environmental and water policies in favour of a better quality of life for Mexico’s citizens and a cleaner planet, said A. Gurría.
Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.
Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.
En este momento de metamorfosis mundial, los países deben aprovechar esta crisis, que ya está entrando a su quinto año, para replantear y fortalecer sus marcos regulatorios, sus instituciones y su crecimiento. La única forma de consolidar la recuperación y de lograr esta transformación es aplicando una serie de cambios en tres frentes paralelos: lo ESTRUCTURAL, lo SOCIAL y lo VERDE, dijo Angel Gurría.
In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.
En países latinoamericanos, la población crece a un ritmo mayor que el promedio mundial, lo cual intensifica el uso de la tierra y aumenta la urbanización. La región también es propensa a los impactos negativos del cambio climático y de los desastres naturales.
This working paper reviews 10 in–depth case studies of urban projects proposed and operating within the realm of Joint Implementation (JI) and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol. Environment Working Paper No. 29.
At COP16, Angel Gurría stated that "Green and Growth go well together and can become a win-win outcome for advanced, emerging and developing countries. (...) Cancun should; Cancun must; Cancun can!"
In his remarks, A. Gurría said that countries need to be ambitious in taking unilateral actions and that a cost-effective approach to reducing emissions could cost just a fraction of a percentage point of GDP per year.