This report examines how current legal provisions in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia are impacting women’s ability to fully participate in economic life, both as employees and entrepreneurs. It is based on a comparative analysis of the various rights set out in constitutions, personal status laws, labour laws, in addition to tax and business laws. The report recognises the considerable progress made – in particular in the aftermath of the 2011 uprisings – following the adoption of constitutional and institutional reforms to strengthen women’s status.
Yet ensuring sufficient opportunities for women remains a challenge in the six countries. The report suggests that this may be due to different factors such as: the existence of certain laws that are gender discriminatory, contradictions between various legal frameworks, lack of enforcement mechanisms, and barriers for women in accessing justice. Through targeted policies, countries can tackle these challenges, and help unleash women’s potential to boost growth, competitiveness and inclusive social development.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
|Foreword and acknowledgements|
|Assessment and recommendations to foster women's economic empowerment in selected MENA countries|
|Women's participation in the labour market and entrepreneurship in selected MENA countries|
|International and constitutional commitments and women's access to justice in selected MENA countries|
|The impact of family law on women's economic empowerment in selected MENA countries|
|Women's labour rights and entrepreneurship in selected MENA countries|
Annexes2 chapters available
The Women's Economic Empowerment in Selected MENA Countries - The Impact of Legal Frameworks in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia publication was launched on 7 October 2017 at the new MENA-OECD Competitiveness Programme regional Women’s Economic Empowerment Forum (WEEF) under the aegis of co-chairs H.E. Sahar Nasr, Minister of Investment and International Co-operation of Egypt and H.E. Marie-Claire Swärd Capra, Ambassador of Sweden to Algeria.
The Forum’s main objectives are to:
- Provide a regional platform for government and non-government representatives from OECD and MENA economies to foster discussions , exchange experiences and good practices on methods and actions that enable women’s economic empowerment
- Monitor countries’ policy actions and regulatory developments, to advance equality, non-discrimination and women’s economic and social inclusion.
- Advance gender mainstreaming in critical policy areas such as investment, trade, employment, skills, entrepreneurship or support to conflict affected economies.
- Identify strategic data collection needs to assess women's economic empowerment and provide support for strategic gender data development and collection.