An overview of OECD work with the MENA region

The OECD is actively engaged in supporting MENA economies in the design and implementation of ambitious reform agendas. Building on internationally recognised tools, standards and work methods, this partnership has pioneered policy dialogue, peer learning and capacity building at the regional and country levels. The scope and depth of our co-operation is a testimony to the OECD's commitment to work with the region to bring better policies and inclusive growth across MENA.

MENA-OECD Competitiveness Programme

Supporting reforms to mobilise investment, private sector development and entrepreneurship as driving forces for inclusive growth and employment.

Read about the Programme

MENA-OECD Governance Programme

Sharing knowledge and expertise, with a view of disseminating standards and principles of good governance.

Read about the Programme

 

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Agriculture

The OECD supports countries in improving agricultural productivity and food security.

Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia adhere to several of the OECD Agricultural Codes and Schemes. The Codes facilitate international trade through the simplification, harmonisation and implementation of globally agreed certification procedures.

Agriculture data

Development Aid

Aid data

The OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) works closely with Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, as well as with funds and development banks in the region through the Arab-DAC Dialogue on Development, to identify ways to better co-ordinate development activities, learn from each other’s experiences and become more effective in supporting developing countries’ efforts to deliver development results.

Breaking down the Myths of Triangular Co-operation in Middle East and North Africa (2018) identifies the added value of triangular co-operation in the MENA region and shows how triangular co-operation can promote further collaboration between Arab providers and the DAC to more effectively achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.

Education & Skills

The OECD supports MENA governments in setting measurable goals for improving education systems and enhancing learning results for students. Growing participation in the OECD’s international education surveys is helping economies the MENA region assess their needs and improve the impact of their education policies.

Country-specific reviews on education: EgyptTunisia and Morocco

Education data

Entrepreneurship

OECD Initiatives: 

Fragility, Resilience & Risk Management

OECD Initiatives: 

  • The MENA-OECD Economic Resilience Task Force promotes private sector development as a way to build economic resilience in the region and provides a forum for regional dialogue on economic resilience building.
  • The OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) has developed the Resilience System Analysis (RSA) methodology and tools to enable stakeholders to develop a shared vision of what needs to be done and ensure that development investments are not undermined or destroyed by crises.
  • The OECD High-Level Risk Forum provides policy makers with a collaborative platform to improve preparation for large-scale shocks to the economy and society. Morocco and Tunisia adhere to the OECD Recommendation on the Governance of Critical Risks which proposes actions that governments can take at all levels of government, in collaboration with the private sector and with each other, to better assess, prevent, respond to and recover from the effects of extreme events, as well as take measures to build resilience to rebound from unanticipated events.

OECD Publications:

Green Growth & Resource Management

OECD Initiatives:

The OECD Green Growth Strategy advises member and partner economies on integrating green growth policy into the design and implementation of economic and environmental policies. Morocco and Tunisia are adherents to the OECD Declaration on Green Growth

The OECD Water Governance Programme advises governments at all levels on how to design and implement better water policies for better lives. 

OECD Publications: 

International Energy Agency (IEA)

The IEA works with many MENA countries in the areas of energy policy and statistics. 

Morocco became an IEA Association country in 2016 and signed a three-year work programme in June 2017 to deepen bilateral co-operation in the areas of energy security, energy efficiency, renewable energy, capacity building and data and statistics. 

Green growth indicators

Investment & Trade

Investment

Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia are adherents to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. Countries adhering to the Declaration commit to providing an open and transparent environment for international investment and to encouraging multinational enterprises to contribute to economic and social progress. For each adherent, the OECD conducts an Investment Policy Review, that presents an overview of investment trends and policies in the countries reviewed, as well as actions and opportunities for further reform.

Building on the Declaration, the Working Group on Investment and Trade supports investment and trade reform processes in the region by raising awareness, sharing experience with MENA stakeholders and formulating policy advice. Additionally, the MENA-OECD Competiveness Programme implements the OECD-EU Regional Programme on Promoting Investment in the Mediterranean.

 

OECD Publications: 

Global Value Chains

The OECD Initiative on Global Value Chains (GVCs), Production Transformation and Development supports countries, including Egypt and Morocco, in designing and implementing better production transformation strategies and in increasing evidence on GVCs, global trade and investment. 

The OECD Development Centre hosts the Initiative for Policy Dialogue on GVCs, Production Transformation and Development, which works to improve evidence and identify policy guidelines to support production transformation and better integration into global markets. 

Trade Data

The OECD-WTO Trade in Value Added (TiVA) database was developed to generate new insights about commercial relations among economies and the process of value creation. The 2018 edition of TiVA indicators includes Morocco, Saudi Arabia and Tunisia.

To help governments improve their border procedures, reduce take costs, boost trade flows and reap greater benefits from international trade, the OECD has developed a set of Trade Facilitation Indicators (TFIs) that identify areas for action and enable the potential impact of reforms to be assessed.

Trade data

Public & Corporate Governance

Corporate Governance

The MENA-OECD Working Group on Corporate Governance supports MENA economies in the development of sound corporate governance frameworks and practices. 

Social & Economic Development

OECD Initiatives:

OECD Development Centre formulating innovative development strategies to support the policy reforms needed to achieve further sustainable and inclusive development in the region.
EU-OECD Project: Supporting the development of the Suez Canal Zone Authority providing a needs assessment, action plan and recommendations for improving the management of the Zone.

OECD Publications:

Statistics & Data

The OECD is one of the world’s largest and most reliable sources of comparable statistical, economic and social data. The OECD maintains comprehensive databases of statistics to support its analytical and policy work and help governments understand what drives change. A number of MENA countries are already collaborating with OECD technical experts to gather and share specific statistics in different policy areas.

 

 

PARIS21, hosted within the OECD, was established by the United Nations, the European Commission, OECD, International Monetary Fund and World Bank promote the better use and production of statistics in developing countries. It works with North African countries to assess their statistical systems and help draft their National Strategies for the Development of Statistics.

 

OECD Publications:

Taxation

OECD Initiatives:

OECD Publications:

OECD data

Youth

OECD Initiatives:

The OECD Action Plan for Youth provides a strategic framework to develop education systems and labour market arrangements that work better for young people.

The OECD Development Centre’s Youth Inclusion Project supports countries to better respond to the aspirations of young people and to strengthen youth involvement in national development processes. Jordan participates in the project.