The purpose of this work stream is to improve the integrity framework in Iraq’s private sector based on related international standards, such as the UN Convention Against Corruption and the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Working on improving Iraq’s public procurement procedures and practices will help to reduce the prevalence of corruption in Iraq, which in turn will help to reduce costs of doing business in Iraq and encourage new investments.
The project promotes capacity development for integrity in public procurement through seminars, training sessions, expert coaching and publications on international investor exposure to integrity standards, including the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention.
The work stream focuses on three main areas:
- Integrity in public procurement, including participation by Iraq government officials in regional seminars on collective action to foster integrity and fight bribery and corruption;
- Public sector and business community awareness of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention; and
- Strengthening the role of civil society, particularly of private sector representatives in combating corruption.
Improving the Business Climate Through Enhanced Integrity in Public Procurement
6-7 February 2013, Amman, Jordan
The “National Round Table Meeting on Improving the Business Climate Through Enhanced Integrity in Public Procurement in Iraq” presented findings of the “Draft Review of Iraq’s Public Procurement Rules and Provisions”, and developed policy recommendations to further reform Iraq’s public procurement system.
The Draft Review concluded that the Iraqi public procurement framework, which to a certain extent is sufficient for the Iraqi government’s needs, lacks professionalism, is not transparent, and is not fully implemented. Based on the interventions, MENA-OECD will develop follow-up activities, including training on public procurement principles for Iraqi officials, which MENA-OECD will implement in co-operation with the OECD’s Public Procurement Unit, and the World Bank.
As part of the Roundtable, Iraqi government officials, private sector representatives, and the OECD discussed the negative effects of corruption on Iraq’s business environment and the Iraqi government’s efforts to combat corruption. In particular, Iraqi government officials, many hailing from Iraq’s Integrity Commission and Bureau of Supreme Audit, discussed the obstacles in Iraq’s political structure and governing institutions which impede efforts to combat corruption and proposed a number of steps that the Iraqi government can undertake:
- participants proposed that the Iraqi government develop a white/black list of contractors to facilitate hiring quality contractors;
- train government staff members in best practice procurement procedures, develop model contracts for Iraqi government contracting entities to use;
- and integrate procurement administration and information in a one-stop shop, amongst others. Most importantly, some participants stressed that the true problem is the Iraqi government’s poor implementation of anti-corruption procedures, rather than the lack of policies and institutions.
OECD and World Bank presented different international practices that may be of use to Iraq to address the above challenges.
Multi-stakeholder Dialogue on Integrity Frameworks in Egypt, Iraq and Jordan, 12-13 February 2012
Strengthening Integrity in the Private Sector in Iraq: Public Procurement, 18 March 2010
Iraq project home page
DOCUMENTS AND LINKS
Supporting Investment Policy and Governance Reforms in Iraq, OECD 2010
Policy Framework for Investment Toolkit
MENA-OECD Investment Programme
Principles for Private Sector Participation in Infrastructure
Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and Accra Agenda for Action
For further information, contact
Anders Jonsson (email@example.com)