The MENA-OECD Competitiveness Programme (formerly the MENA-OECD Investment Programme) was launched in 2005 at the request of Middle East and North African (MENA) governments to support investment policy reforms for growth and employment in the region. Participating economies include Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestinian Authority, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

The Programme convenes representatives of these 18 MENA governments, OECD member countries and emerging economies to exchange good practices in a wide range of policy areas, leveraging the OECD model of policy dialogue and peer learning. It provides a platform for dialogue with civil society, private sector representatives and academia to collectively identify priority business climate reforms and support their implementation.