Accession to the Organisation

 

Article 1 of the OECD Convention sets out three principle aims for the Organisation, one of which is "to contribute to sound economic expansion in member as well as non-member countries in the process of economic development".

While engagement with non-Members has always been important to the Organisation, since the early 1990s, its importance has increased in a number of ways: the accession of new Members, strengthened co-operation with "Key Partners" and closer involvement of non-Members in subsidiary bodies through various forms of partnerships.

Since 1994 twelve countries have joined the OECD: Mexico (1994), the Czech Republic (1995), Hungary (1996), Poland (1996), Korea (1996), the Slovak Republic (2000), Chile (2010), Israel (2010), Slovenia (2010), Estonia (2010), Latvia (2016) and Lithuania (2018). 

Becoming a Member of the OECD is not a simple formality but is the result of a rigourous review process. The OECD governing body (the Council), which comprises all the Members of the Organisation, decides whether to open accession discussions with a country and fixes the terms, conditions and process for accession (see also section below on Framework for the Consideration of Prospective Members).

In 2007, accession discussions were opened with Chile, Estonia, Israel, the Russian Federation and Slovenia (Council Resolution on Enlargement and Enhanced Engagement). The terms, conditions and process for the accession were set out in Roadmaps for each country: Chile, Estonia, Israel, the Russian Federation and Slovenia. Four of these countries have now become Members of the Organisation: Chile, Estonia, Israel and Slovenia. Further to a meeting of the OECD Council on 12 March 2014, activities related to the accession process of the Russian Federation are postponed for the time being.

On 29 May 2013, the OECD Council Meeting at Ministerial Level decided to open accession discussions with Colombia and Latvia (Council Resolution on Strengthening the OECD's Global Reach). The terms, conditions and process for the accession were set out in Accession Roadmaps adopted by Council on 19 September 2013 for Colombia and on 15 October 2013 for Latvia. Latvia became a Member of the OECD on 1 July 2016. Colombia signed an accession agreement on 30 May 2018 and will become a Member of the OECD on the date on which it deposits its instrument of accession to the OECD Convention.

On 9 April 2015, the Council decided to open accession discussions with Costa Rica and Lithuania. Accession Roadmaps for Costa Rica and Lithuania were adopted by Council on 8 July 2015. Lithuania became a Member of the OECD on 5 July 2018.

Framework for the Consideration of Prospective Members 

Following the call of Ministers at the OECD Ministerial Council Meeting (MCM) 2016 “for a strategic reflection by Members on the future size and membership of the Organisation and for a report to the 2017 MCM”, an evidence-based Framework for the Consideration of Prospective Members was developed. The Framework was adopted by the OECD Council on 2 June 2017.

The Framework is applied according to the process described in paragraph 25 of the Report. 

 

 

 

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