In 2012, official statistics for outflows from Latvia totalled 25 200 while inflows were 12 300. In 2013, outflows fell to 22 600 and inflows fell to 8 300. In both years official net migration was thus negative, at -11 900.
The Baltic countries have experienced sustained emigration over the past decade, contributing to population decline and a loss of working-age population. The impact is felt strongly in the labour market, the general economy and in social developments. The Baltic countries are not alone in tackling these challenges. This book brings together the recent experience of various OECD countries in developing policies to cope with emigration.