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This working paper sets out lessons from emerging markets for EU assession countries.
Low incomes and high unemployment in rural areas are issues of concern to policy makers in all countries. These issues are particularly pronounced in the Baltic countries, which have recently emerged from a particularly gruelling transition process and are preparing for their integration into the EU.
The paper presents the results of a survey on the Baltic States’ experience with intragovernmental co-ordination and consultations with domestic stakeholders carried out in preparation for multilateral negotiations on trade in services.
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Economic growth has been recorded during the last couple of years in the transition economies of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA). Thus, Environmental Enforcement Authorities are being challenged to prevent and control environmental pollution and degradation during the period of economic recovery and production upturn.
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A publication prepared by the EAP Task Force Secretariat and presented at the 5th Pan-European Ministerial Conference "Environment for Europe" held in Kiev (Ukraine) on 21-23 May, 2003. This is a Russian version.
This book presents a method to develop financing strategies for investment-heavy environmental infrastructure, such as urban water supply, wastewater collection and treatment, and municipal solid waste. The strategies, supported by the FEASIBLE computer model, were developed in several countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA), in EU accession countries and China.
This review analyses the key issues facing each of the Baltic States - Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania - given its specific economic and social trends.
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The aim of this paper is to provide a statistical update of an earlier analysis on FDI in South East European countries and includes Moldova among the countries covered. Various features of FDI in the region and in individual countries are presented in 29 tables. This study, prepared by Gábor Hunya of the Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, was commissioned by the Austrian Ministry of Economy and Labour.
This review finds that reform of education, training and human resource development is an integral part of the transition to a democratic society and market economy. Latvia has made progress in all these areas since reform began in 1990.
Since regaining independence in the early 1990s, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania have developed effective competition policies, as part of a process toward achieving functioning market economies. All three countries have competition laws and competition agencies which enforce them.