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A mutually beneficial relationship


OECD countries agreed on 25 May 2018 to invite Colombia as the 37th member of the Organisation. Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos and Secretary-General Gurría will sign an Accession Agreement on 30 May during the upcoming meeting of the OECD Council at ministerial level in Paris. 

Colombia was invited to open accession talks in 2013. It has since been subject to in-depth reviews by 23 OECD Committees and has introduced major reforms to align its legislation, policies and practices to OECD standards, including on labour issues, the reform of its justice system, corporate governance of state-owned enterprises, anti-bribery, trade as well as new national policies on industrial chemicals policy and waste management. Colombia’s accession will extend OECD’s membership to 37 countries. It will be the third member country from the LAC region, joining Mexico and Chile. 

Colombia has valued the opportunity to discuss major policy issues and challenges in a multilateral context and to learn from the experiences of OECD countries facing similar challenges in many areas. In turn, this dialogue has enriched the OECD’s knowledge and policy advice, and benefited OECD members and non-OECD economies by enabling them to acquire a better understanding of Colombia.

Ángel Gurría, Secretary General of the OECD and Juan Manuel Santos, President of Colombia in November 2014

“Colombia already has clear evidence of the impact that the OECD can have in a Latin American country. The accession process has initiated several institutional reform processes and triggered very important internal reflections. The OECD does well to turn their eyes towards our region, as evidenced by its new Regional Programme for Latin America and the Caribbean. This is a region that has much to learn and much to offer in experiences of social and economic policies. Our countries have challenges and experiences on issues that are of increasing importance in most developed countries, including growth, increasing productivity without leaving behind the most vulnerable, and governance in the context of an increasingly demanding population. It is a region that can benefit greatly from the concepts promoted by the OECD in the areas of governance, transparency and inclusiveness. Indeed, it is not easy to decide which is more true: Latin America needs the OECD or the OECD needs Latin America.”

Juan Manuel Santos, President of Colombia


Latest OECD Publications on Colombia

OECD Integrity Review of Colombia ENG  

OECD Integrity Review of Colombia: Investing in Integrity for Peace and Prosperity

Integrity is crucial in order to ensure sustainable peace in Colombia. This report provides a focused analysis of Colombia’s integrity system, addressing existing gaps and elaborating policy recommendations on how to build a coherent public integrity system. The review pays special attention to improving co-ordination at the national level and with the regions, cultivating a culture of integrity in the public administration, and enabling effective accountability through internal control and risk management. It emphasises the priority of mainstreaming integrity policies in the processes and sectors related to the implementation of the Peace Agreement to prevent corruption and to contribute to the inclusive and sustainable development of the country.

Read the publication in English and in Spanish.

Find the executive summary of this publication here.


Additional Recent Reviews of Colombia

>> Access all OECD publications on Colombia

>> More OECD work on Colombia