To achieve its targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in a cost-effective manner, Japan should create a mandatory and comprehensive emission trading system, supplemented if necessary, by carbon taxes.
Japan needs a credible fiscal consolidation plan, including spending cuts and tax increases, to maintain confidence in its fiscal sustainability as gross public debt nears 200% of GDP in 2010.
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This 2009 edition of Education at a Glance includes first results from TALIS, a survey on teacher practices, new analysis of the social benefits of education, new information on long-term unemployment and involuntary part-time work among young adults, and new data on the benefits of education.
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This article describes the introduction of a government-wide policy evaluationsystem that is underway in Japan, exemplified by the policy appraisal-evaluationsystem of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI, theformer Ministry of International Trade and Industry). The initiative in METI wasstarted in December 1999, preceding the implementation of a government-widesystem. "Policy evaluation" as a term is not limited, in this
Society at a Glance – Asia/Pacific Edition 2009 offers a concise quantitative overview of social trends and policies across Asia-Pacific economies.
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This article discusses selected historical developments of Japan’s public finance system from 1947 through 2004, then analyses the successful efforts for fiscal consolidation in the 1980s and the unsuccessful attempt in the 1990s. The article concludes with a look at ongoing reform efforts and lessons for the future.
The Aid for Trade at a Glance 2009: Maintaining Momentum report presents the results of the second monitoring exercise of the Aid for Trade Initiative and documents its success so far.
The budget for Japanese development co-operation has suffered years of decline. Now, a promising budget increase in 2008 has been cancelled out by a sharp fall in the 2009 budget.
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This report inventories eco-innovation policies in Japan. Similar reports are available on selected non-EU OECD members: Australia, Canada, Korea, Mexico, New Zealand, Turkey and the US. They complement national roadmaps developed by EU member states under the Env. Technology Action Plan.
Despite progress in recent years, there is growing evidence that OECD countries are not on track to reach some of their key environmental goals. This report examines the strategies and instruments that governments use to ensure compliance with pollution prevention and control regulations.