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Selected findings for Japan from the report "The Pursuit of Gender Equality: An Uphill Battle"
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The negative impact of the economic crisis on employment was smaller in Japan than most other OECD countries. The short-time work scheme contributed to the greater resilience of the Japanese labour market. Unemployment in Japan has fallen continuously since the crisis, reaching just 2.8%, of the labour force in March and April, its lowest level in more than 22 years.
While growth has picked up, more needs to be done for Japan to overcome a record high government debt ratio and an accelerating decline in its working-age population.
The tax burden on labour income is expressed by the tax wedge, which is a measure of the net tax burden on labour income borne by the employee and the employer.
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Japan had the 24th lowest tax wedge among the 35 OECD member countries in 2016. The country occupied the same position in 2015. The average single worker in Japan faced a tax wedge of 32.4% in 2016 compared with the OECD average of 36.0%.
These country specific notes provide figures and commentary from the Taxation and Skills publication that examines how tax policy can encourage skills development in OECD countries.
As part of the STI Outlook 2016, the OECD has released policy profiles by country. These include cross-country analyses that draw on the first joint EC-OECD survey on STI policies. They focus on major STI policy areas, instruments and trends.