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To achieve its targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in a cost-effective manner, Japan should create a mandatory and comprehensive emission trading system, supplemented if necessary, by carbon taxes.
Japan has been hard-hit by the global financial crisis. Its main economic challenges include raising its growth potential, upgrading the financial sector, resolving its fiscal problem, reforming health care and improving climate change policies.
Japanese, , 631kb
世界経済危機の中，日本経済は戦後最大の景気後退に陥った．2009年の国内総 生産は，輸出の低迷と厳しい金融状況を反映し，約6%の減少となる見込みである．金融市場の安定化を図り，政策金利を引下げ，そして大規模な財政刺激策を実施 するという当局による迅速な対応は，世界貿易の反転がゆっくりとしたものに止ま るという状況の中で，景気悪化の影響を和らげ，緩やかな回復のきっかけとなって いる．デフレ傾向が続く中において，日本銀行は，政策金利をゼロ近傍に据え置く べきである．
Japan needs a credible fiscal consolidation plan, including spending cuts and tax increases, to maintain confidence in its fiscal sustainability as gross public debt nears 200% of GDP in 2010.
Emergency measures adopted in the wake of the global crisis should be phased out once a recovery is in place, while adopting reforms to address chronic problems in the financial sector and increase efficiency.
English, , 186kb
The OECD Employment Outlook 2009 indicates that Japan has experienced sizeable job losses during the global economic downturn. In July, the unemployment rate reached a record high level of 5.7%, two percentage points higher than at the end of 2007.
English, , 161kb
This 2009 edition of Education at a Glance includes first results from TALIS, a survey on teacher practices, new analysis of the social benefits of education, new information on long-term unemployment and involuntary part-time work among young adults, and new data on the benefits of education.
English, , 323kb
Japan spends less than the OECD average on children at each stage of childhood... The Japanese spending shortfall is especially pronounced for children under age 6, being less than one third of the spending committed to children between the ages of 6 and 17 years.
Governments should invest more money on children in the first six years of their lives to reduce social inequality and help all children, especially the most vulnerable, have happier lives, according to the OECD’s first ever report on child well-being in its 30 member countries.
English, , 176kb
This article describes the introduction of a government-wide policy evaluationsystem that is underway in Japan, exemplified by the policy appraisal-evaluationsystem of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI, theformer Ministry of International Trade and Industry). The initiative in METI wasstarted in December 1999, preceding the implementation of a government-widesystem. "Policy evaluation" as a term is not limited, in this