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The problems of Japanese agriculture – in particular low productivity and the prevalence of part-time farmers and small plots have been evident for the past 50 years.
With gross government debt surpassing 200% of GDP, Japan’s fiscal situation is in uncharted territory. In addition to robust nominal GDP growth, correcting two decades of budget deficits requires a large and sustained fiscal consolidation based on a detailed and credible multi-year plan that includes measures to control spending and raise revenue.
Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.
Following the delivery of the Strategy in May 2011, green growth will be mainstreamed in OECD analytical work to enrich guidance on a number of country, sector and issue-specific areas. This will involve integrating green growth considerations in Economic Surveys, Environmental Performance Reviews and Innovation Reviews.
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This brochure highlights the Japan's key challenges which are to achieve sustained growth and fiscal sustainability. The three-pronged strategy combining bold monetary policy, flexible fiscal policy and a growth strategy should be effectively implemented to realise these goals.
The new government’s resolve to revitalise the economy through a three-pronged strategy, combining bold monetary policy, flexible fiscal policy and a growth strategy is most encouraging, said OECD Secretary-General.
Japan is emerging from a difficult five-year period, marked by two major shocks -- the 2008 global financial crisis and the tragic 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake -- and three recessions. We admire the courage and resolve of the Japanese people in face of such adversity and we confirm our feeling of optimism and dynamism in Japan, said OECD Secretary-General.
Focusing on the new growth strategy of Japan, OECD Secretary-General noted that the key priority is to increase productivity, the country being well below the levels of the upper half of OECD countries, while it should aim to be very near the top.
The coming expansion will be driven by exports, and should increase business investment and employment and bring an end to deflation. While we are encouraged by these developments, it remains critically important for Japan to address extremely high and still rising levels of government debt and other challenges posed by its ageing population, said OECD Secretary-General.