This survey report gives priorities to the review of traditional pollution control agreements as they have proven record of implementation over more than thirty years. A review of the new approach based on voluntary action plans is made in a parallel report of the case study for Japan.
This report was prepared by Mr. Hidefumi Imura, professor at the Institute of Environmental Systems, Kyushu University (Japan), in the context of the OECD survey on the use of voluntary approaches in environmental policy.
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Using overlapping generations (OLG) models calibrated on 7 OECD countries - the United States, Japan, France, Canada, Italy, the United Kingdom and Sweden - the authors investigate the macroeconomic impact of possible pension reform strategies as populations age.
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The goal of achieving lifelong learning is ambitious in its aims to engage all citizens in the process of learning. It is complex because it breaks with past education reforms by defining in new ways the content, place, timing and duration of lea...
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This country report was prepared for the project "Alternative approaches to financing lifelong learning". It analyses and presents the development of lifelong learning in Japan, and proposes ways to assist in improving it.
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Twelve countries participated in this review, which provided a cross-national perspective on themes of common interest and growing importance regarding the first years of tertiary education. This report, prepared by the review team, regards the study of Japan.
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The paper shows the results of a pilot study for six industrial sectors in seven OECD Member countries (Canada, Japan, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States) whereby short-term qualitative indicators are used to "nowcast" a quantitative indicator, the production index.