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This note is taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2010.
This 2009 IEA review of Italy's energy policies and programmes finds that the Italian government has made substantial progress in a number of sectors since the last IEA in-depth energy policy review in 2003. The success of the green certificate and white certificate schemes and continued reform of the electricity and natural gas supply markets are just a few examples and build on the recommendations contained in the previous review. Nonetheless, many challenges remain.
Italy recognises the need to diversify its energy supply portfolio to reduce its heavy dependence on fossil fuels and electricity imports, and to decrease its growing greenhouse gas emissions. In 2008, the government announced its intention to recommence the country's nuclear power program and start building a new nuclear power plant by 2013. To do so, Italy must first develop an efficient process for identifying critical energy infrastructure, including nuclear power, and subjecting it to an effective, streamlined siting and permitting process.
Italy will face another major challenge in complying with Europe’s new climate and energy package, particularly in relation to renewable energy and emissions targets. The government must step up efforts to comply with its new responsibilities, specifically by developing and putting in place a comprehensive climate change strategy for the years until 2020.
In mid-2009, the legislature enacted a wide-ranging new law that will facilitate the emergence of a robust long-term energy policy. The government must respond to this opportunity and elaborate, with industry, a long-term strategy for the development of the energy sector.
This review analyses the energy challenges facing Italy and provides sectoral critiques and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide Italy towards a more sustainable energy future.
This country note, extracted from the STI Scoreboard 2009, explores recent developments in matters relating to innovation, science, technology and globalisation in Italy.
OECD research shows that to be successful in today’s knowledge economy, communities need to invest not only in the supply of skills but also in the demand for skills.The new OECD LEED project on “Skills for Competitiveness” will examine the advantages of such demand-side policy interventions.
Italian Official Development assistance, or ODA, decreased steadily between 2008 and 2012, due in part to pressures from the economic crisis, but it rose in 2013.
The Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the OECD notes that Italian Co-operation is facing major challenges. The first is an urgent need to reform official development co-operation, but no political consensus on how to proceed.
The Aid for Trade at a Glance 2009: Maintaining Momentum report presents the results of the second monitoring exercise of the Aid for Trade Initiative and documents its success so far.
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OECD’s Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) provides the first internationally comparative perspective on the conditions of teaching and learning.
In 2008-11, 14 regions in 11 countries underwent the OECD Review of Higher Education in Regional Development aiming to mobilise higher education for economic, social and cultural development of cities and regions.
Rural regions in Italy have some of the highest GDP per capita among OECD countries yet analysis of rural Italy reveals varied economic conditions, an increasing elderly population and a diminished focus on environmental isses. This report looks at the priorities for future rural poli