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In Italy, there are two main categories of nurses requiring a university bachelor’s degree: Registered Nurses (RN) and Registered Paediatric Nurses (RPN). Once a Registered Nurse or a RPN, nurses can pursue further education in the form of a Master’s or Doctoral degree, which is more oriented towards an academic career.
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Entry to medical education in Italy follows the completion of high-school education and the grades obtained in a national exam, and it is subject to a numerus clausus (i.e., annual quota) set by the Ministry of Education, University and Research. It takes about six years for students to complete the first medical degree.
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In 2012, 25% of students in Italy were low performers in mathematics (OECD average: 23%), 20% were low performers in reading (OECD average: 18%), 19% were low performers in science (OECD average: 18%), and 12% were low performers in all three of these subjects (OECD average: 12%).
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This 4-page online document presents the key findings from OECD Pensions at a Glance 2015 and why it is important for Italy. It also identifies two key pension policy measures which would help improve the performance of pension systems in Italy.
The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.
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Growth in health spending per capita in real terms has been negative in Italy since 2011, with both public and private health spending showing continuous falls. Cuts in pharmaceutical spending have contributed to reductions in health spending. The rise in the share of the generic market has helped to reduce prices and spending on pharmaceuticals in Italy, but still the generic market share remains relatively low.
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La spesa sanitaria pro-capite in Italia è diminuita in termini reali a partire dal 2011. La diminuzione ha interessato sia la spesa pubblica che quella privata. La riduzione della spesa sanitaria è stata in parte il risultato di tagli alla spesa farmaceutica.
Specific country notes have been prepared using data from the database OECD Health Statistics 2015, July 2015 version. The notes are available in PDF format.
A dashboard of key government indicators by country, to help you analyse international comparisons of public sector performance.
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This country note provides information on latest trends in income inequalities as well as key findings from the 2015 OECD report "In it Together: Why less inequality benefits all".