The tax burden on labour income is expressed by the tax wedge, which is a measure of the net tax burden on labour income borne by the employee and the employer.
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Italy has the 5th highest tax wedge among the 34 OECD member countries in 2015, compared with the 6th highest position in 2014. The average single worker in Italy faced a tax wedge of 49.0% in 2015, compared with the OECD average of 35.9%.
The 2015 edition of National Accounts of OECD Countries, General Government Accounts is an annual publication, dedicated to government finance which is based on the System of National Accounts 2008 (SNA 2008) for all countries except Chile, Japan, Korea and Turkey (SNA 1993). It includes tables showing government aggregates and balances for the production, income and financial accounts as well as detailed tax and social contribution receipts and a breakdown of expenditure of general government by function, according to the harmonised international classification, COFOG. These detailed accounts are available for the general government sector. Data also cover the following sub-sectors, according to availability: central government, state government, local government and social security funds.
The data in this publication are also available on line via www.oecd-ilibrary.org under the title OECD National Accounts Statistics, General Government Accounts (http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-gga-data-en and http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-gga08-data-en).
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In Italy, there are two main categories of nurses requiring a university bachelor’s degree: Registered Nurses (RN) and Registered Paediatric Nurses (RPN). Once a Registered Nurse or a RPN, nurses can pursue further education in the form of a Master’s or Doctoral degree, which is more oriented towards an academic career.
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Entry to medical education in Italy follows the completion of high-school education and the grades obtained in a national exam, and it is subject to a numerus clausus (i.e., annual quota) set by the Ministry of Education, University and Research. It takes about six years for students to complete the first medical degree.
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In 2012, 25% of students in Italy were low performers in mathematics (OECD average: 23%), 20% were low performers in reading (OECD average: 18%), 19% were low performers in science (OECD average: 18%), and 12% were low performers in all three of these subjects (OECD average: 12%).
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The tax burden in Italy declined by 0.3 percentage points from 43.9% to 43.6% in 2014. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.2 percentage points from 34.2% to 34.4%.
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This 4-page online document presents the key findings from OECD Pensions at a Glance 2015 and why it is important for Italy. It also identifies two key pension policy measures which would help improve the performance of pension systems in Italy.
The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.
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Growth in health spending per capita in real terms has been negative in Italy since 2011, with both public and private health spending showing continuous falls. Cuts in pharmaceutical spending have contributed to reductions in health spending. The rise in the share of the generic market has helped to reduce prices and spending on pharmaceuticals in Italy, but still the generic market share remains relatively low.