Italy’s low employment rate is associated with adverse labour market dynamics characterised differently across different categories of people.
The tax burden on labour income is expressed by the tax wedge, which is a measure of the net tax burden on labour income borne by the employee and the employer.
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Italy has the 6th highest tax wedge among the 34 OECD member countries in 2015. The country occupied the same position in 2014. The average single worker in Italy faced a tax wedge of 47.9% in 2015 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%.
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In Italy, there are two main categories of nurses requiring a university bachelor’s degree: Registered Nurses (RN) and Registered Paediatric Nurses (RPN). Once a Registered Nurse or a RPN, nurses can pursue further education in the form of a Master’s or Doctoral degree, which is more oriented towards an academic career.
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Entry to medical education in Italy follows the completion of high-school education and the grades obtained in a national exam, and it is subject to a numerus clausus (i.e., annual quota) set by the Ministry of Education, University and Research. It takes about six years for students to complete the first medical degree.
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Italy’s indicators of health system outcomes and quality are consistently good. This is despite levels of health spending below other high-income OECD countries. However, Italy is lagging behind in some areas, like long-term care and prevention of non-communicable diseases.
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In 2012, 25% of students in Italy were low performers in mathematics (OECD average: 23%), 20% were low performers in reading (OECD average: 18%), 19% were low performers in science (OECD average: 18%), and 12% were low performers in all three of these subjects (OECD average: 12%).
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Agricultural research fellowship award grants and international conferences sponsorships of the Co-operative Research Programme (CRP): Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems; advice for applicants for funding.
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This 4-page online document presents the key findings from OECD Pensions at a Glance 2015 and why it is important for Italy. It also identifies two key pension policy measures which would help improve the performance of pension systems in Italy.
L'Organizzazione per la Cooperazione e lo Sviluppo Economico (OCSE) e il Governo Italiano hanno intensificato la collaborazione per garantire un'efficace attuazione delle strategie di sviluppo locale per promuovere l'occupazione, incoraggiare l'imprenditorialità e aumentare l'inclusione sociale.