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This note is taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2010.
This 2009 IEA review of Italy's energy policies and programmes finds that the Italian government has made substantial progress in a number of sectors since the last IEA in-depth energy policy review in 2003. The success of the green certificate and white certificate schemes and continued reform of the electricity and natural gas supply markets are just a few examples and build on the recommendations contained in the previous review. Nonetheless, many challenges remain.
Italy recognises the need to diversify its energy supply portfolio to reduce its heavy dependence on fossil fuels and electricity imports, and to decrease its growing greenhouse gas emissions. In 2008, the government announced its intention to recommence the country's nuclear power program and start building a new nuclear power plant by 2013. To do so, Italy must first develop an efficient process for identifying critical energy infrastructure, including nuclear power, and subjecting it to an effective, streamlined siting and permitting process.
Italy will face another major challenge in complying with Europe’s new climate and energy package, particularly in relation to renewable energy and emissions targets. The government must step up efforts to comply with its new responsibilities, specifically by developing and putting in place a comprehensive climate change strategy for the years until 2020.
In mid-2009, the legislature enacted a wide-ranging new law that will facilitate the emergence of a robust long-term energy policy. The government must respond to this opportunity and elaborate, with industry, a long-term strategy for the development of the energy sector.
This review analyses the energy challenges facing Italy and provides sectoral critiques and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide Italy towards a more sustainable energy future.
This country note, extracted from the STI Scoreboard 2009, explores recent developments in matters relating to innovation, science, technology and globalisation in Italy.
OECD research shows that to be successful in today’s knowledge economy, communities need to invest not only in the supply of skills but also in the demand for skills.The new OECD LEED project on “Skills for Competitiveness” will examine the advantages of such demand-side policy interventions.
Italian Official Development assistance, or ODA, decreased steadily between 2008 and 2012, due in part to pressures from the economic crisis, but it rose in 2013.
Economic forecasts for GDP, unemployment, inflation and fiscal balance
The international seminar aimed to disseminate the results of an OECD LEED study on social inclusion undertaken in five Regions across Italy and Poland who are members of the ESF CoNET Network.
L'evento, di valenza internazionale, si è posto l'obiettivo di disseminare i risultati dell'analisi in materia di inclusione sociale effettuata dal Programma LEED dell'OCSE in cinque Regioni, in Italia ed in Polon
Compulsory school education in Italy produces poor results in terms of 15-year-olds’ performance on PISA tests, compared with other OECD countries, despite a relatively high level of expenditure, as discussed in this working paper.
How can governments help small and innovative firms continue to grow in the midst of an economic crisis? Entrepreneurs, bankers, policy makers and academics will discuss this and other issues at the conference which is open to media.