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This country note from Going for Growth 2015 for Italy identifies and assesses progress made on key reforms to boost long-term growth, improve competitiveness and productivity and create jobs.
The Trentino co-operative model has gained wide acclaim for its positive economic and social impact upon the territory. Developing a strong understanding of why the model has been so effective is important in identifying those factors which other localities could utilise as potential criticalities.
Third Annual Conference on the theme of "Fiscal Policies and the Green Economy Transition: Generating Knowledge – Creating Impact" held at the University of Venice from 29 through 30 January 2015. The press release is available.
This report reviews the quality of health care in Italy, seeks to highlight best practices, and provides a series of targeted assessments and recommendations for further improvements to quality of care. Italy’s indicators of health system outcomes, quality and efficiency are uniformly impressive. Life expectancy is the fifth highest in the OECD. Avoidable admission rates are amongst the very best in the OECD, and case-fatality after stroke or heart attack are also well below OECD averages. These figures, however, mask profound regional differences. Five times as many children in Sicily are admitted to hospital with an asthma attack than in Tuscany, for example. Despite this, quality improvement and service redesign have taken a back-seat as the fiscal crisis has hit. Fiscal consolidation has become an over-riding priority, even as health needs rapidly evolve. Italy must urgently prioritise quality of its health care services alongside fiscal sustainability. Regional differences must be lessened, in part by giving central authorities a greater role in supporting regional monitoring of local performance. Proactive, coordinated care for people with complex needs must be delivered by a strengthened primary care sector. Fundamental to each of these steps will be ensuring that the knowledge and skills of the health care workforce are best matched to needs.
Italy has significantly improved the quality of health care in recent decades but needs to tackle the wide disparities that remain between regions, according to a new OECD report.
L’Italia ha migliorato notevolmente la qualità dell’assistenza sanitaria negli ultimi decenni, ma deve affrontare le permanenti forti disparità che permangono tra le regioni, secondo un nuovo rapporto OCSE.
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Italy's indicators of health status and quality of care remain among the best in the EU. Italy spent 9.2% of its GDP on health in 2012, slightly more than the EU average of 8.7%.
Immigration flows to Italy have been declining since the onset of the economic crisis in 2008.
The OECD LEED Trento Centre in agreement with the Italian Government, is assisting the Ministry of Culture, Heritage and Tourism (MIBACT) in the promotion and support of social and economic development activities in Southern Italian Regions (Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Apulia and Sicily) through the valorisation of their cultural, natural and landscape attractions.
This review underlines some important points of strength with respect to Italian SMEs and entrepreneurship, notably for medium-sized firms that very often excel in their market niches, have a strong propensity to business collaboration, as well as favourable access to finance. The review also looks at the challenges that lie ahead for Italy, hard hit by the global economic crisis, notably among micro and small firms. Recovery will mean, among other things, removing barriers to business growth, streamlining the complexity of the Italian tax system, and opening the business environment to competition, foreign direct investment and equity financing, as well as improving training and workforce skills.