This report identifies effective strategies to tackle skills imbalances, based on five country-specific policy notes for France, Italy, Spain, South Africa and the United Kingdom. It provides a comparative assessment of practices and policies in the following areas: the collection and use of information on skill needs to foster a better alignment of skills acquisitions with labour market needs; the design of education and training systems and their responsiveness to changing skill needs; the re-training of unemployed individuals; and the improvement of skills use and skills matching in the labour market. The assessment is based on country visits, desk research and data analysis conducted by the OECD secretariat in the five countries reviewed. Examples of good practice from other countries are also discussed.
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Employment in Italy, as a share of the population aged 15-74, has almost come back to its pre-crisis level but at 49.9 percent it is the third lowest among OECD countries. On the opposite, after a significant decrease over 2014, the unemployment rate broadly stabilised over the past two years and decreased again in April.
I'm delighted to be with you today to shine the spotlight on people-centred innovation and what that means for growth and development in Africa.
These ready-made tables and charts provide for snapshot of aid (Official Development Assistance) for all DAC Members as well as recipient countries and territories. Summary reports by regions (Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Oceania) and the world are also available.
Growth seems to be slowly picking up. This is good news. But we are still facing a vicious circle of low productivity growth, sluggish demand, stagnant wages and, in many G7 countries, rising or high levels of inequalities.
The Secretary-General was in Bari from 11 to 13 May 2017 to attend the G7 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors' meeting where he delivered remarks on inequality and growth and security as a global public good. He also intervened in the sessions on global economy, and international taxation.
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Italy had the 5th highest tax wedge among the 35 OECD member countries in 2016. The country had the 6th highest position in 2015. The average single worker in Italy faced a tax wedge of 47.8% in 2016 compared with the OECD average of 36.0%.
These country specific notes provide figures and commentary from the Taxation and Skills publication that examines how tax policy can encourage skills development in OECD countries.
The OECD LEED Trento Centre is working with Italy and the Autonomous Province of Trento to strengthen capacities to develop and implement integrated strategies targeted at improving the quality of life and well-being of people and reversing demographic trends in ‘inner areas’ (sparsely populated areas and stranded communities isolated from large and medium-sized urban centres).