By putting a price on pollution, do environmentally related taxes spur innovation? Does the design of the tax play a critical role? What is the effect of this innovation? In analysing these questions, the report draws on case studies that cover Japan, Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Israel and others. It also covers a wide set of environmental issues and technologies, as well as the economic and policy contexts.
Israel’s agriculture is unique amongst developed countries in that land and water resources are nearly all state-owned and that agricultural production is dominated by co-operative communities. Israel is a world leader in agricultural technology, particularly in farming in arid conditions. This Review measures support provided to Israeli agriculture and evaluates the effectiveness of current agricultural policy measures. Israel has made progress in removing policies that distort trade, and resource allocation and support to agriculture is lower than the OECD average. However, the government still plays an important role. The report suggests further agricultural policy reforms to reduce costs for consumers and taxpayers and to improve the efficiency of current policy measures.
A special focus of the report is the environmental performance of Israeli agriculture. This is already an issue with scarce land and water resources, accentuated by the overarching issue of climate change. The Review examines agriculture’s performance with respect to water resources and pollution, soils, biodiversity, air emissions and climate change. It concludes that strengthening policy coherence, especially in improving the management of water resources in agriculture, is important.
Government support to Israeli farmers has fallen but some market distorting policies remain. This assessment of Israel's agricultural policy also looks at the environmental performance of Israeli agriculture, including water resource management.
The paper discusses the impacts of policies applied over the last decades in the water sector in Israel on technological innovation and on the environment.
This review of Israeli labour market and social policy finds that Israel has enjoyed strong economic growth over the last decade but the benefits of this are being distributed unevenly.
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The Self-evaluation report for the Galilee, Israel was prepared by the Council for Higher Education of the State of Israel, as an input to the OECD Review of Higher Education in Regional and City Development.
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This report outlines Israel's response to the recommendations and follow-up issues identified by the Working Group at the time of Israel's Phase 2 examination in June-July 2009.
In 2008-11, 14 regions in 11 countries underwent the OECD Review of Higher Education in Regional Development aiming to mobilise higher education for economic, social and cultural development of cities and regions.
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.
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This report evaluates whether the legal texts through which Israel has implemented the Anti-Bribery Convention meet the standards set by the Convention and 1997 Revised Recommendation, and highlights actions to implement the 1996 Recommendation on the tax deductibility of bribes to foreign public officials. The report also describes features of Israel's framework for enforcing the Anti-Bribery Convention. The Working Group found that