These country notes contain over 50 indicators which compare the political and institutional frameworks of national governments as well as revenues and expenditures, employment, and compensation. They include a description of government policies on integrity, e-government and open government.
These country notes detail the fiscal situation to date (2011), the consolidation needs, and the commitments and intentions of governments in 30 OECD countries in the aftermath of the economic crisis.
Poverty in households with children is rising in nearly all OECD countries...
This review of corporate governance in Israel describes the corporate governance setting including the structure and ownership concentration of listed companies and the structure and operation of the state-owned sector.
By putting a price on pollution, do environmentally related taxes spur innovation? Does the design of the tax play a critical role? What is the effect of this innovation? In analysing these questions, the report draws on case studies that cover Japan, Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Israel and others. It also covers a wide set of environmental issues and technologies, as well as the economic and policy contexts.
Israel’s agriculture is unique amongst developed countries in that land and water resources are nearly all state-owned and that agricultural production is dominated by co-operative communities. Israel is a world leader in agricultural technology, particularly in farming in arid conditions. This Review measures support provided to Israeli agriculture and evaluates the effectiveness of current agricultural policy measures. Israel has made progress in removing policies that distort trade, and resource allocation and support to agriculture is lower than the OECD average. However, the government still plays an important role. The report suggests further agricultural policy reforms to reduce costs for consumers and taxpayers and to improve the efficiency of current policy measures.
A special focus of the report is the environmental performance of Israeli agriculture. This is already an issue with scarce land and water resources, accentuated by the overarching issue of climate change. The Review examines agriculture’s performance with respect to water resources and pollution, soils, biodiversity, air emissions and climate change. It concludes that strengthening policy coherence, especially in improving the management of water resources in agriculture, is important.
Government support to Israeli farmers has fallen but some market distorting policies remain. This assessment of Israel's agricultural policy also looks at the environmental performance of Israeli agriculture, including water resource management.
The paper discusses the impacts of policies applied over the last decades in the water sector in Israel on technological innovation and on the environment.
This review of Israeli labour market and social policy finds that Israel has enjoyed strong economic growth over the last decade but the benefits of this are being distributed unevenly.
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The Self-evaluation report for the Galilee, Israel was prepared by the Council for Higher Education of the State of Israel, as an input to the OECD Review of Higher Education in Regional and City Development.