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Israel’s education system produces many tertiary graduates but there are wide gaps across society and core skills at secondary school are weak.
Despite some best-practice policies, challenges remain in raising employment and lowering poverty, particularly among Arab-Israeli and Ultra-orthodox households.
Israel’s economy has shown resilience during the global recession, but more active education and employment policies – particularly targeted at minority groups – are needed to bolster its economic performance and bridge deep divisions within its society, according to the OECD.
Israel is supporting its business sector and promoting competition in similar ways to many OECD countries, but there is room for improvement.
Monetary policy and inflation prospects are broadly sound in Israel, but significant challenges remain for fiscal policy in reducing public debt.
This review of Israeli labour market and social policy finds that Israel has enjoyed strong economic growth over the last decade but the benefits of this are being distributed unevenly.
Israel has an impressive high-tech sector, low inflation and has weathered the downturn well but faces profound fiscal and socio-economic challenges.
Israel has enjoyed strong economic growth over the last decades but the fruits of this growth have not been equally shared amongst the country’s rapidly growing population, warned the OECD Secretary-General.
Israel has weathered the recent recession very well and the policy responses have been appropriate. Nevertheless, long-term fiscal sustainability needs to be reinforced by bringing down public debt and the fruits of economic growth should be better redistributed to low-income households, said the OECD Secretary-General during his presentation of the report to the Prime Minister Netanyahu.
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This “Country Chapter” provides a detailed description of tax and benefit rules in Germany in 2008 and a summary of policy trends.