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Specific country notes have been prepared using data from the database OECD Health Statistics 2014, June 2014 version. The notes are available in PDF format.
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Higher level vocational education and training (VET) programmes are facing rapid change and intensifying challenges. What type of training is needed to meet the needs of changing economies? How can employers and unions be engaged? The country reports in this series look at these and other questions. They form part of Skills beyond School, the OECD policy review of postsecondary vocational education and training.
Israelis enjoy higher life expectancy and have a much younger demographic profile than most OECD countries. However, the demand for health care is expanding rapidly due to population growth and ageing.
Ensuring tax and transfer systems bring sufficient revenue to reach macroeconomic fiscal targets, address societal goals in re-distribution and social welfare, recognise the influence taxation has on businesses’ competitiveness and adequately address environmental externalities is a tough challenge, arguably more so in Israel than in many other OECD countries.
The average worker in Israel faced a tax burden on labour income (tax wedge) of 20.7% in 2013 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%. Israel was ranked 31 of the 34 OECD member countries in this respect.
Israel’s output growth remains relatively strong and unemployment is low. However, living standards remain well below those of top ranking OECD countries, the rate of relative poverty is high, and there are environmental challenges.
Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, was in Israel, on an official visit, on 8 December 2013, to present the OECD Economic Survey of Israel and participate in the Israel Business Conference.
Israel’s economy is in good shape, but further efforts are needed to fight poverty and close the gap in living standards with other leading nations, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel.
With the right policies, narrower socio-economic divides and higher levels of well-being are well within Israel’s reach. Raising educational standards and encouraging employment, maintaining sound monetary policy and a responsible fiscal trajectory, pressing on with structural reforms that encourage innovation, competition and creativity – these are all central to achieving sustained, inclusive growth.
Individual country notes assessing how regions and cities contribute to national growth and the well-being of society.