According to OECD estimates, Colombia’s concessional finance for development reached USD 87 million in 2012, compared to USD 22 million in 2011 (OECD estimates). Most of these flows were channelled to and through multilateral organisations. In 2012, Colombia’s contributions through multilateral organisations that would qualify as Official Development Assistance (ODA) amounted to USD 78 million, up from USD 21 million in 2011 (OECD estimate).
The National Strategy of International Co-operation 2012-2014 sets out Colombia’s strengths and good practices available to share with other countries. It also introduces a national co-ordination scheme as well as mechanisms for monitoring and evaluation of development co-operation. The Colombian Presidential Agency of International Co-operation (APC-Colombia) sets priorities and ensures alignment of Colombia’s development co-operation with its National Development Plan and foreign policy. The agency manages and co-ordinates all out‑going development co-operation.
Colombia has bilateral programmes with 19 countries in Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia. The main sectors are technical support and security, social promotion and protection, culture, sports and education, promotion of economic development, public management and good governance, reconciliation (including comprehensive attention to victims, reintegration and historic memory) and cross‑cutting issues (e.g. environment and sustainable development). Colombia provides its bilateral development co-operation in the form of training, internships, knowledge exchange (experts), studies and research, seminars and financial contributions through its South-South co-operation fund.
Colombia is also engaged in triangular co-operation, partnering with several international organisations (e.g. Development Bank of Latin America/CAF, Inter-American Development Bank, International Fund for Agricultural Development, International Organization for Migration, United Nations Population Fund and World Food Programme) and Development Assistance Committee (DAC) members (e.g. Australia, Canada, Germany, Japan, Korea and the United States) to support other developing countries (mainly in Central America and the Caribbean) in a wide range of areas.
In 2012, Colombia’s development co-operation through multilateral organisations was primarily channelled through the United Nations (85%), of which almost USD 60 million through the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
In 2013, the OECD decided to open accession discussions with Colombia. In the same year, the DAC Chair visited Colombia. Colombia also contributed to the DAC's work on triangular co-operation and aid for trade.