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This paper surveys the societal dimension of 296 international investment agreements (IIAs) signed by the 30 member countries and of by the 9 non-member countries that participate formally in OECD investment work.
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The definition of investor and investment is key to the scope of application of rights and obligations of investment agreements and to the establishment of the jurisdiction of investment treaty-based arbitral tribunals. This factual survey of state practice and jurisprudence aims to clarify the requirements to be met by individuals and corporations in order to be entitled to the treatment and protection provided for under investment
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Umbrella clauses have become a regular feature of international investment agreements and have been included to provide additional protection to investors by covering the contractual obligations in investment agreements between host countries and foreign investors. The meaning of the umbrella clauses is one of the most controversial issues with which international arbitral tribunals have been recently confronted with while
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This report analyses the interactions between the investment and services chapters of 20 regional trade agreements. It classifies agreements into two broad categories of NAFTA-inspired and GATS inspired agreements and identifies four major types of interaction between the investment and trade in services chapters. The report then looks at the implications of the services/investment interface for levels of investment protection and
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Working Group on Bribery Phase 2bis report on Luxembourg
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This progress report was issued following the 7th Roundtable on Freedom of Investment, National Security and ‘Strategic’ Industries which took place in Paris on 26 March 2008. Since early 2006, OECD has provided a forum for intergovernmental dialogue on how governments can reconcile the need to preserve and expand an open international investment environment with their duty to safeguard the essential security interests of their people.
This Glossary explains the key elements required to classify corruption as a criminal act, according to three major international conventions: OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions; Council of Europe Criminal Law Convention on Corruption; UN Convention against Corruption.
International investment agreements set ground rules for how host governments treat foreign investors. This publication includes the definition of investor and investment; the interpretation of umbrella clauses in investment agreements; coverage of environmental, labour and anti-corruption issues; and the interaction between investment and services chapters in selected regional trade agreements.
This publication assesses to what extent governments in the region have leveraged their assets with effective policies to attract investment and stimulate growth.
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Brazil should rapidly amend its legislation to make companies directly liable for the payment of bribes to foreign public officials, and to ensure that effective, proportionate and dissuasive sanctions are applicable, according to a new report by the OECD Working Group on Bribery.