International investment agreements set ground rules for how host governments treat foreign investors. This publication includes the definition of investor and investment; the interpretation of umbrella clauses in investment agreements; coverage of environmental, labour and anti-corruption issues; and the interaction between investment and services chapters in selected regional trade agreements.
This publication assesses to what extent governments in the region have leveraged their assets with effective policies to attract investment and stimulate growth.
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Brazil should rapidly amend its legislation to make companies directly liable for the payment of bribes to foreign public officials, and to ensure that effective, proportionate and dissuasive sanctions are applicable, according to a new report by the OECD Working Group on Bribery.
These reports provide a record of the main achievements of the OECD Investment Committee within its investment policy work programme with non-member economies and make available to a wider audience some of the background analytical work developed under the aegis of this programme.
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This report focuses on the role of competition policy in promoting energy security. It does not attempt to establish a precise definition of energy security, but notes that it is mainly about managing vulnerability to supply disruptions and associated price spikes. This report by the OECD Competition Committee Secretariat was presented to participants at the 6th OECD Roundtable on Freedom of Investment held on 13 December 2007.
This Annual Report provides an account of the actions the adhering governments have taken over the 12 months to June 2007 to enhance the contribution of the Guidelines to the improved functioning of the global economy. This publication also contains the results of the 2007 OECD Roundtable on Corporate Responsibility which focused on the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the financial sector.
On 11 July 2007, Egypt became the first Arab and first African country to sign the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. This marks a new stage in Egypt's drive to attract more foreign direct investment (FDI). A series of policy reforms have helped to underpin a fifteen-fold increase in Egypt’s FDI between 2001 and 2006. FDI reached a record USD 9 billion in the first three quarters of its 2007
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Follow-up Report on the Implementation by Japan of the Phase 2 Recommendations on the Application of the OECD Convention and the 1997 Recommendation on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.
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This article reproduces an interim report approved by the OECD Investment Committee at the fourth OECD Roundtable on Freedom of Investment, National Security and “Strategic” Industries on 30 March 2007. It also provides a brief overview of discriminatory practices by national authorities motivated by national security and other essential interests.
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Cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are growing rapidly and are changing the industrial landscape in OECD countries. This paper discusses mergers in general and then looks at whether the benefits typically associated with FDI apply equally well to both greenfield investment and takeovers. Empirical studies which look at the effect of takeovers on employment, wages, productivity and innovation in the acquired firm are