On 11 July 2007, Egypt became the first Arab and first African country to sign the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. This marks a new stage in Egypt's drive to attract more foreign direct investment (FDI). A series of policy reforms have helped to underpin a fifteen-fold increase in Egypt’s FDI between 2001 and 2006. FDI reached a record USD 9 billion in the first three quarters of its 2007
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Follow-up Report on the Implementation by Japan of the Phase 2 Recommendations on the Application of the OECD Convention and the 1997 Recommendation on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.
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This article reproduces an interim report approved by the OECD Investment Committee at the fourth OECD Roundtable on Freedom of Investment, National Security and “Strategic” Industries on 30 March 2007. It also provides a brief overview of discriminatory practices by national authorities motivated by national security and other essential interests.
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Cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are growing rapidly and are changing the industrial landscape in OECD countries. This paper discusses mergers in general and then looks at whether the benefits typically associated with FDI apply equally well to both greenfield investment and takeovers. Empirical studies which look at the effect of takeovers on employment, wages, productivity and innovation in the acquired firm are
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OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurrìa outlines his views on current challenges facing the international investment policy community in the introductory chapter of the 2007 edition of International Investment Perspectives.
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Under many international agreements, states have negotiated language which provides that even when states have entered into treaty commitments, such commitments do not prevent them from taking measures in order to protect their essential security interests. This article analyses the frequency and scope of these provisions in international investment agreements and instruments to which OECD members are party; the way customary
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This article provides revised measures of the OECD's FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index for 29 OECD countries, and extends the approach to the ten non-member countries adhering to the OECD Declaration (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Egypt, Estonia, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, and Slovenia) and four other major non-OECD countries (China, India, Russia and South Africa). The FDI restrictiveness index covers 9 sectors and 11
In July 2007, Egypt became the 40th country to adhere to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. The adherents to the Declaration commit to providing national treatment to foreign investors and promoting responsible international business conduct. During this process, Egypt undertook a thorough review by OECD members of its international investment policies using the Policy Framework for
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This document reproduces the Report by the Chair of the Annual Meeting of the National Contact Points which was held on 19-20 June 2007. IT provides an account of the actions the adhering governments have taken of the 12 months to June 2007 to enhance the contribution of the Guidelines to the improved functioning of the global economy.
This report analyses the interactions between the investment and services chapters of 20 regional trade agreements. It classifies agreements into two broad categories of NAFTA-inspired and GATS-inspired agreements and identifies four major types of interaction between the investment and trade in services chapters. The report then looks at the implications of the services/investment interface for levels of investment protection and