OECD Home › Investment › Publications & Documents › Policy Briefs
This year, for the first time, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Development Assistance Committee (OECD DAC) includes in its aid data grants made by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in global health.
In 2010, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) provided whole-of-government reporting of its aid flows at the activity level to the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), making it the first country outside the DAC’s membership to report in such detail.
The concept of country programmable aid aims to provide a better estimate of the volume of resources transferred to developing countries. This brief asks: how is this concept defined, how useful is it, and what can be done to make it better?
This Issues Brief sheds light on who the donors beyond the DAC are and how much they are giving. It describes the principles that guide their co-operation and distinguish them from DAC donors.
English, , 207kb
Bribing public officials to obtain advantages in international business raisesserious moral and political concerns, undermines good governance andsustainable economic development, and distorts international competition.For more than a decade, the OECD has played a leading role in the battleagainst bribery and corruption in international business. The OECDConvention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in
English, , 388kb
As a global economic crisis risks becoming a crisis of globalisation, this policy brief looks at the recent performance of trade and FDI, protectionist risks, appropriate policies and the role of the OECD.
English, , 199kb
Virtually all governments are keen to attract foreign direct investment (FDI). It can generate new jobs, bring in new technologies and, more generally, promote growth and employment. The resulting net increase in domestic income is shared with government through taxation of wages and profits of foreign-owned companies, and possibly other taxes on business (e.g. property tax). FDI may also positively affect domestic income through
English, , 228kb
Intellectual assets have become strategic factors for value creation by firms. The expansion of the services sector, globalisation, deregulation, and the emergence of new information technologies have brought to the fore the issue of how knowledge is created, disseminated, retained and used to obtain economic returns. This has led to a structural change, from traditional scale-based manufacturing, which mainly relies on tangible
English, , 190kb
Private investment is essential for ensuring economic growth, sustainable development and poverty reduction. It increases the productive capacity of an economy, drives job creation, brings innovation and new technologies, and boosts income growth. But the amount of private investment, particularly in African and developing economies, falls short of development needs. And the benefits of investment in emerging and transition economies
English, , 184kb
What is sustainable development and why is it important? Most people support the idea of sustainable development, but without fully understanding what it is. Most would agree that it implies a better balance between economic, environmental and social goals, and greater fairness in distributing the gains from growth among people and countries. It also concerns preserving the environment and natural resources as a basis for progress.