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South African concessional finance for development reached USD 183 million in 2013, compared to USD 188 million in 2012 (OECD estimates). In 2013, 61% of South Africa’s total development co-operation was channelled through multilateral organisations.
The OECD estimates that Qatar’s development co-operation amounted to USD 1.3 billion in 2013 compared to 544 million in 2012 and USD 734 million in 2011. Qatar channelled 1% of its development co-operation through multilateral institutions, mainly through the United Nations and the Islamic Development Bank.
This report develops a framework that classifies investments according to different types of financing instruments and investment funds, and highlights the risk mitigants and transaction enablers that intermediaries can use to mobilise institutionally held capital.
Mexico published figures on its development co-operation programme for the first time in 2014. According to these figures, Mexico’s international development co-oeration reached USD 277 million in 2012, up from USD 269 million in 2011. Out of the total disbursed in 2012, the OECD estimates that at least USD 203 million meets the criteria of Official Development Assistance (ODA).
In 2013, Indonesia’s development co-operation amounted to an estimated USD 12 million, of which USD 9 million was channelled through multilateral organisations.
What are the channels for investment in sustainable energy infrastructure by institutional investors (e.g. pension funds, insurance companies and sovereign wealth funds) and what factors influence investment decisions? What key policy levers and risk mitigants can governments use to facilitate these types of investments? What emerging channels (such as green bonds, YieldCos and direct project investment) hold significant promise
According to OECD estimates, Colombia’s development co-operation reached USD 95 million in 2013, compared to USD 86 million in 2012 (OECD estimates). In 2013, USD 85 million was channeled through multilateral organisations of which USD 57 million through the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNDOC).
Going for Growth is the OECD’s flagship report on structural policies. The purpose of Going for Growth is to help governments setting a reform agenda to improve citizens’ well-being. It has been instrumental in helping G20 countries to develop growth strategies to raise their combined gross domestic product (GDP) by 2% over baseline projections by 2018 – as agreed by G20 Leaders in Brisbane last year.
In 2013, China’s bilateral co-operation reached USD 2.8 billion, compared to USD 2.6 billion in 2012 (OECD estimates). Including developmental funds channelled through multilateral organisations, the OECD estimates that China’s total concessional finance for development reached USD 3.0 billion in 2013.
In 2013, Estonia’s net ODA amounted to USD 31 million, representing an increase of 23% in real terms over 2012. The ratio of ODA as a share of GNI also rose, from 0.11% to 0.13%.