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  • 21-December-2018

    English

    OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Portugal - Volume II - Self-Regulated Professions

    Portugal’s services markets are among the most heavily regulated in the OECD. As vital inputs into the business sector, services provided by professionals, such as lawyers and engineers, generate up to 1.8 times their value in outputs by firms that use them. However, structural flaws in the regulation make professional services highly expensive for firms, diminishing their ability to compete effectively. Regulatory restrictions also hamper innovation and efficiency within the professions. Against this backdrop, this report examines regulations for 13 self-regulated professions (lawyers, solicitors, notaries, bailiffs, architects, engineers, technical engineers, certified accountants, auditors, economists, customs brokers, nutritionists and pharmacists). From 923 pieces of legislation analysed, the report makes 348 individual recommendations for amending or removing provisions to improve competition, and makes a detailed inventory of the analysis underlying the work. Analysis of Portuguese legislation and professions was complemented by research into international experiences and wide consultations with stakeholders from the public and private sectors. The OECD recommendations aim to remove or modify overly restrictive provisions in order to facilitate the access or exercise of the professions, to benefit businesses and consumers alike. This report identifies the sources of those benefits and gives estimates of their impact. Provided all recommendations are fully implemented, the benefit to the economy from lifting the barriers in the 13 liberal professions is estimated at around EUR 130 million a year.
  • 21-December-2018

    English

    OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Portugal - Volume I - Inland and Maritime Transports and Ports

    Portugal’s services markets remain among the most heavily regulated in the OECD. Inland and maritime transports in Portugal are a vital part of the business environment, ensuring the movement of goods and passengers and inputs for the business sector. Regulatory restrictions limit the ability of firms to effectively compete in the markets, whether as providers or customers, while hampering innovation, efficiency and productivity. Against this backdrop, this report analyses Portuguese regulations for road, railway and maritime transport, and many ancillary services (such as vehicle inspection centres), as well as Portugal’s ports. The report examines 1 064 pieces of legislation and makes 417 individual recommendations for amending or removing restrictive provisions to improve competition, and makes a detailed inventory of the analysis underlying the work. Analysis of Portuguese legislation was complemented by research into international experiences and wide consultations with public and private sector stakeholders. The OECD recommendations aim to remove or modify the provisions to benefit businesses and consumers alike. This report identifies the sources of those benefits and gives estimates of their impact. Provided all recommendations are fully implemented, the benefit to the economy from lifting the barriers in the land and maritime transport sectors is estimated to be around EUR 250 million a year.
  • 20-December-2018

    English

    Korea - OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

    This page contains all information relating to implementation of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention in Korea.

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  • 20-December-2018

    English

    Korea must enhance detection and reinforce sanctions to boost foreign bribery enforcement

    Korea must step up enforcement of its foreign bribery laws and strengthen the capacities of law enforcement agencies to proactively detect and investigate the offence, according to a new report by the OECD Working Group on Bribery.

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  • 20-December-2018

    English

    Chile ups foreign bribery enforcement but flawed case resolutions are insufficient to ensure transparency and accountability

    Chile has stepped up its fight against foreign bribery in recent years but could do more to increase enforcement and compliance with the OECD Convention, according to a new report by the OECD Working Group on Bribery.

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  • 20-December-2018

    English

    Chile - OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

    This page contains all information relating to implementation of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention in Chile.

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  • 11-December-2018

    English

    Data on enforcement of the Anti-Bribery Convention

    11 December 2018 - This enforcement data includes the number of criminal, administrative and civil cases of foreign bribery that have resulted in a final disposition, such as a criminal conviction or acquittal, or similar findings under an administrative or civil procedure.

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  • 11-December-2018

    English

    OECD Working Group on Bribery in International Business Transactions

    The Working Group is responsible for monitoring the implementation and enforcement of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, the 2009 Anti-Bribery Recommendation and related instruments.

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  • 11-December-2018

    English

    Strengthening the Anti-Bribery Convention: Review of the 2009 OECD Anti-Bribery Recommendation

    The OECD Anti-Bribery is the first and only international anti-corruption instrument focused on the ‘supply side’ of the bribery transaction. To ensure that it continues to respond to the challenges of fighting foreign bribery, the OECD has launched a review of the 2009 OECD Recommendation for Further Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions (OECD Anti-Bribery Recommendation).

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  • 11-December-2018

    English

    2018 OECD Consultation on Fighting Foreign Bribery

    This Working Group on Bribery consultation with the private sector and civil society will focus on topics suggested by the stakeholders themselves and launch the OECD study, 'Foreign Bribery Enforcement: What Happens to the Public Officials on the Receiving End?'.

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