Investment for development

Foreign Direct Investment and the Environment

 

The Hague, 28/29 January 1999

This conference was organised within the framework of the OECD's Emerging Market Economy Forum, which brings together OECD Member countries and non-member economies engaged in market reform.

Recent debates on the environmental implications of foreign direct investment (FDI) have often been highly polarised and polemical. In order to promote a dialogue on the key issues in the FDI-environment relationship, the conference brought together government officials, business persons, trade union representatives, NGOs and academics from OECD and non-OECD countries. In total, 146 people participated in the meeting: 107 from OECD Member countries; 19 from non-member countries (Argentina, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Chile, China, Estonia, Hong Kong (China), Latvia, Malaysia, the Philippines, South Africa and Thailand); 11 from international organisations (EBRD, European Commission, UNCTAD, UNCSD, UNEP, World Bank). Mr. Gerrit Ybema, Minister for Foreign Trade, the Netherlands and Mr. Donald Johnston, OECD Secretary-General opened the conference.

The objectives of the conference were two-fold:

  • to deepen understanding and analysis of the key issues in the FDI and environment relationship within the context of a globalising economy; and
  • to examine ways in which this relationship might be improved to mutually reinforce environmental and FDI policy goals.

Please note, with the exception of the annotated agenda, the opinions expressed in these documents are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the OECD or any of its Member countries.

Conference Proceedings
Conference summary
Revised annotated agenda
List of participants
FDI and the environment -- Boon or bane?, Brad Gentry
The Environment Implications of FDI: Policy and Institutional Issues (executive summary), Gretta Goldenman
The environment implications of FDI: Policy and Institutional Issues, Gretta Goldenman
FDI and the environment: The role of voluntary corporate environmental management (executive summary), Jan Adams
FDI and the environment: The role of voluntary corporate environmental management, Jan Adams
Havens, halos and spaghetti: Untangling the evidence about FDI and the environment (executive summary), Lyuba Zarsky
Havens, halos and spaghetti: Untangling the evidence about FDI and the environment, Lyuba Zarsky

Room documents

 

 

 

Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Chinese Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Administered Areas
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands (UK)
  • Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe