The global economy is recovering faster than expected but remains fragile. How quickly will global trade and investment bounce back after the sharp falls of the past year? What role can international investment play in building a stronger, cleaner, fairer global economy?
In the context of the economic crisis, reforms can become an effective vehicle for sustained recovery but governments must find the right balance between an effective regulatory and institutional framework and minimising unnecessary red tape. Moreover, governments cannot reset the economy on their own and the contribution of the women and the private sector will be crucial, according to the OECD Secretary-General.
Opening this event in Marrakesh, Angel Gurría underlined that the economic crisis has not spared the MENA region, with a significant economic contraction and a severe impact on the labour markets. According to the Secretary-General, the MENA-OECD Initiative can serve as a model for effective co-operation in building the global economy of the future.
The OECD, World Trade Organisation and the UN’s Conference of Trade and Development have called on the leaders of the G20 countries to make a stronger commitment to open trade and investment as the global economy begins its recovery from the crisis.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) into 17 OECD countries, including France, Germany, Japan, the UK and the US, fell by 50% in the first quarter of 2009 compared with the last quarter of 2008, according to estimates by the OECD released at the OECD Forum in Paris.
The current economic crisis has exposed the deficiencies of economic global governance and the risk of having a highly integrated global economy with fragmented global economic decision-making and regulation. To improve our impact, we do need stronger, more inclusive and better coordinated international organisations, warned the OECD Secretary-General.
With the global economic crisis, governments are now focused on restoring national economic and employment growth and financial stability which also poses risks for freedom of investment.
At the G20 summit in London on 2 April, governments pledged to do all they can to restore confidence, growth and jobs; repair and strengthen the financial system; promote global trade and investment and reject protectionism; and build an inclusive, green and sustainable recovery for all. The OECD worked behind the scenes with G20 governments and other international organisations to help achieve this successful outcome and further our
Countries participating in a “Freedom of Investment” initiative, which together represent four fifths of the world economy, have pledged to resist discriminatory policies and new forms of protectionism towards investment.
Mr. Gurría presented in Beijing the 2008 OECD Investment Policy Review of China which assesses recent developments in the Chinese investment environment and focuses on the government’s efforts to encourage responsible business conduct in China, as well as by Chinese enterprises operating abroad.