In 2013, Turkey’s net ODA amounted to USD 3.3 billion, representing an increase of 31% in real terms over 2012. The large increase in Turkish ODA over the last years is strongly related to its response to the Syrian refugee crisis, to which it allocated USD 1.6 billion in 2013.
Institutional investors (investment funds, insurance companies and pension funds) are major collectors of savings and suppliers of funds to financial markets. Their role as financial intermediaries and their impact on investment strategies have grown significantly over recent years along with deregulation and globalisation of financial markets.
This publication provides a unique set of statistics that reflect the level and structure of the financial assets of institutional investors in the OECD countries, and in the Russian Federation. Concepts and definitions are predominantly based on the System of National Accounts. Data are derived from national sources.
Data include outstanding amounts of financial assets such as currency and deposits, securities, loans, and shares. When relevant, they are further broken down according to maturity and residency. The publication covers investment funds, of which open-end companies and closed-end companies, as well as insurance corporations and autonomous pension funds. Indicators are presented as percentages of GDP allowing for international comparisons, and at country level, both in national currency and as percentages of total financial assets of the investor. Time series display available data for the last eight years.
Turkey is a significant and geopolitically critical economy. Its companies, like those from many other countries, operate in corruption-prone sectors and countries. In spite of this, only 10 allegations have come to the attention of Turkish authorities since foreign bribery became an offence in Turkey in 2003.
This page contains all information relating to implementation of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention in Turkey.
Turkey has made significant progress in its efforts to combat bribery in international business deals by fully implementing all but one of the recommendations made by the OECD Working Group on Bribery since 2007.
The 38-country OECD Working Group on Bribery welcomed recent progress by Turkey in its efforts to comply with the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention.
English, , 366kb
On 18 June 2009, the OECD Working Group on Bribery approved the Phase 2bis monitoring report for Turkey.
The OECD Working Group on Bribery has serious concerns about Turkey's implementation of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention.
This Roundtable discussed Turkey’s recent experience with strategies for enhancing the enabling environment for investment, focusing on the relevant aspects of regulatory reform and their impact on the investment climate.
Turkish, , 1,143kb
Turkish translation of "A Framework for the Development and Financing of Dynamic Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Turkey".