The contribution of international business investment to the Sustainable Development Goals


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10/04/2019 - The Addis Ababa Action Agenda recognises domestic and international private business as critical for theachievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). International businesses and the foreign direct investment they generate are particularly relevant for the SDGs given their ability to transmit new technologies and contribute to digital infrastructure, the employment they generate, including through the new opportunities they create for domestic enterprises, and their tendency to adopt modern production techniques and accelerate productivity growth. They can also create access to new international markets.


This report surveys the main types of financing behind business investment in developing countries, recent trends, an evaluation of the contribution of these flows to the sustainable development goals (SDGs), and prospects going forward.


About OECD work on investment and the SDGs

The OECD advises governments and business on actions they can take to ensure that these and other important development benefits of private business investment are fully realised. We advocate for open, transparent, and rules-based policy frameworks for investment to ensure that countries achieve their full potential for attracting and retaining investment. We seek to maximise the development benefits of the investment countries receive by promoting the OECD’s Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and associated Due Diligence Guidance, as well as through our work on the impact and qualities of foreign direct investment. We support policy dialogue on the SDGs and identify opportunities and challenges, among other channels, through our regular monitoring and analysis of business investment trends in developing countries. 


Documents and links

OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises


OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Business Conduct


Trends in foreign direct investment and their implications for development l version française


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