This report uses a standard gravity setup to analyse the determinants of e-commerce, using data on online credit card payments by private Spanish customers of the multinational bank BBVA.
English, PDF, 399kb
The growing interactions between data, algorithms and big data analytics, connected things and people are opening huge new opportunities. But they are also giving rise to issues around “data governance” at the national and international levels.
This paper analyses the role of the digital transformation for business dynamics across countries. The analysis combines unique harmonised data on business dynamics for 15 countries with a multi-dimensional measure of digital intensity that takes into account different facets of the digital transformation.
English, PDF, 544kb
Digital transformation can only be fully realised if high quality access to communication networks and services is made available at affordable prices for all people and firms no matter who they are or where they live.
Digital technology can improve our lives but it also poses a major risk of widening social inequality and blocking opportunities for people without the skills to navigate the online world safely, according to a new OECD report.
A better understanding of what robots actually do and to what extent they are used across countries and sectors can help policy makers design policies aimed at smoothing the transition towards industry 4.0. This report sheds light on automation trends and their effect on employment.
English, PDF, 529kb
Digital transformation represents an opportunity for improving productivity growth by enabling innovation and reducing the costs of a range of business processes. Yet despite the rapid advance of digital technologies, aggregate productivity growth has slowed over the past decade or so, raising the question of how digital technologies can boost productivity.
This paper investigates the hypothesis that the real contribution of ICT investment may be masked in official statistics because intermediate ICT expenditures embodied in non-ICT capital assets are not treated as ICT investment.