This page provides information on OECD work on scientometrics and bibliometrics. This field has has evolved over time from the study of indices for improving information retrieval from peer-reviewed scientific publications (commonly described as the “bibliometric” analysis of science) to cover other types of documents and information sources relating to science and technology.
Governments worldwide increasingly rely on tax incentives in addition to direct support measures (e.g. grants) to promote R&D in firms and encourage innovation and economic growth. The OECD has developed experimental methodologies and a detailed database on R&D tax incentives with the latest indicators on the cost and information on the design and scope of R&D tax incentives.
The OECD has played a key role in the development of international guidelines for surveys of business innovation and the design of indicators constructed with data from such surveys. In addition to developing methodological guidance, the OECD also carries out analytical studies using innovation-related indicators and microdata.
Far-reaching innovation is needed to address climate change and other environmental challenges, and to accelerate the transition to green growth. To measure the output of environmental innovation, the OECD published a new set of green patent indicators.
The 200 indicators of the STI Scoreboard show how the digital transformation affects science, innovation, the economy and the way people work and live. It aims to help governments design more effective policies in our fast-changing digital era.
This paper presents a new edition of the project's technical guidelines including methodological guidelines, a core model questionnaire and instruction manual, and the output tables used for reporting data at the international level and related definitions.
English, , 103kb
This document contains a summary of the technology intensity aggregates used in STAN.
This manual provides guiding principles for the use of patent data in S&T measurement, and recommendations for the compilation and interpretation of patent indicators in this context. The manual is available in English, French and Spanish.
This framework is intended to provide the basis for statistical compilation work within OECD member countries and those non-member countries wishing to adopt the standards.
English, , 728kb
Using patent data as science and technology indicators.