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The OECD explores the role of intellectual property rights (IPRs) in stimulating the diffusion of knowledge and fostering innovation. It studies the economic impact of IP regimes in high-tech industries and in public research; assesses policies and institutional practices for IP management and exploitation; and develops indicators to assess the effectiveness of technology transfer.
Projects have been carried out in the areas of biotechnology and the life sciences and counterfeiting. Statistical work on intellectual property is centered on the development of a statistical infrastructure and methodology to measure and map the channels through which IP contributes to innovation in firms. The OECD has published a Patent Statistics Manual, and a database of patent families allows the calculation of patent-based indicators and provides a concordance table for patents/industries. Work has also been carried out on intellectual assets and value creation.