Innovation in science, technology and industry

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2002


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Despite the economic slowdown that spread across the OECD area in 2001, science and technology remain important drivers of economic growth, industrial competitiveness and the realisation of societal objectives. As countries continue the transition to knowledge-based economies, policy makers seek more effective ways to improve the ability to create, absorb, diffuse and apply knowledge productively, by stimulating business investments in research and development, strengthening science systems and their links to industry, promoting the development of human resources and stimulating competition and industrial restructuring.

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2002 provides a broad, integrated assessment of these important issues. In addition to reviewing overall trends in science, technology and industry, the report identifies significant changes in science, technology and industry policies in the OECD countries.

Special chapters examine changing business strategies for R&D, competition and co-operation in the innovation process, changes in the governance of national science systems, strategic use of intellectual property rights in public research institutions, industrial globalisation and the international mobility of scientists and engineers.

A special chapter examines scientific and technological policy challenges in China, a country that was granted observer status to the OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy in 2002.

A statistical annex provides up-to-date performance indicators related to science, technology and industry.


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