Table of contents | How to obtain this publication
Published: Nov. 2007
What are a country’s achievements in innovation, and how does this relate to economic performance?
What are the major features, strengths and weaknesses, of its innovation system? How can government foster innovation?
The OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy offer a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of individual OECD member and non-member countries, focusing on the role of government. They provide concrete recommendations on how to improve policies which impact on innovation performance, including R&D policies. Each review identifies good practices from which other countries can learn.
Over the last decade, Chile – a small, open economy with a traditionally strong resource-based production – has been the most successful Latin American country in reducing the gap in income per capita vis-à-vis the advanced countries. To complete this catching up, Chile needs to further strengthen some of the institutional pillars of an efficient market-oriented economy, notably its innovation system.
A growing political awareness of the importance of innovation for the country’s future has recently translated into two bold decisions: the creation of an Innovation Council for Competitiveness entrusted with the mission of proposing guidelines for a long-term national innovation strategy; and the introduction of a specific mining tax to increase resources available to implement this strategy. This report assesses the current status of Chile’s innovation system and policies, and identifies where improvements are most needed in order to make the most efficient use of this additional public investment.
Table of contents
Overall Assessment and Recommendations (included in English and French)
The Chilean innovation system: distinctive features, main weaknesses and potential
Government innovation policy: a learning process at a critical stage
Chapter 1. Towards More Innovation-Driven Growth
Macroeconomic performance and institutional build-up
International trade and foreign direct investment
Major structural features and structural change in the Chilean economy
Framework conditions for innovation Inequality and poverty reduction
A strategy for more innovation-driven growth
Chapter 2. Chile’s Innovation Performance in an International Perspective
Benchmarking performance in science, technology and innovation
The innovation system approach: main lessons from OECD countries’ experience
Chapter 3. Innovation Actors in Chile
Chapter 4. The Role of Government
The evolution of Chile’s innovation policy
Governance and policy mix
Portfolio of instruments
Strategic tasks of innovation policy: a functional assessment
How to obtain this publication
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Last updated: 9 November 2007
Presentation of the OECD evaluation of Chile’s innovation policy
Chile should boost innovation to drive economic growth, says OECD
OCDE recomienda a Chile impulsar la asociación público-privada e invertir más en investigación y desarrollo para promover la innovación
OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy