Innovation in science, technology and industry

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy


 Short address for this page:


Tokyo, Japan
2-3 October 2014 



OECD Global Forums

OECD Global Forums are created by OECD committees as a way to involve a broader range of stakeholders in their work. The OECD Global Forums are not official bodies, nor are they meetings. Instead, they are networks or communities of stakeholders that meet on the responsibility of one or more OECD committees. 

Meetings of Global Forums are often major events, attracting large numbers of participants from different regional and cultural backgrounds.  The OECD Global Forums provide platforms for peer learning and policy dialogue on issues for which the relevance of OECD work is dependent on interaction with relevant non-members world-wide. Global Forums can also promote multidisciplinary and horizontal approaches beyond the scope of any single committee, and foster partnerships with other intergovernmental organisations.  They:

  • help the committee identify relevant issues, including ‘next generation issues’,
  • promote a convergence of views on the Committee’s outputs among a broad range of non-members and other stakeholders,
  • ensure that these outputs are known and used among these stakeholders,
  • share best practices in the implementation of the results. 

About the Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy

The aim of the GFKE is to strengthen the OECD’s global relations and to take a broad and coherent view of the contribution of science, technology and innovation to the knowledge economy, essential for designing policy frameworks that will drive economic growth and social welfare in the 21st century.  It also provides a vehicle for dialogue among policy makers, business, consumers and other stakeholders in member and non-member economies on policy approaches that will help expand the benefits of the knowledge economy to all countries, including the less developed ones. 

Past GFKE events

2013- Istanbul

The Future of Science and Innovation

The theme of the 2013 Forum was “the future of science and innovation (S&I) policies”. The role of S&I has never been seen as important as it is now, for the economy, society, and the environment. As OECD countries are confronted with a lasting post-crisis downturn, as emerging economies are experiencing a slowdown, innovation is one of the expected engines of sustained growth, beyond all the macroeconomic imbalances. Innovation is being mobilised for addressing social challenges like health or ageing, or environmental challenges like climate change: whereas price adjustments (e.g. a carbon tax) and appropriate resource allocation (e.g. social contribution) are needed to manage and alleviate some of these problems, innovation is expected to bring the most sustained, durable solutions. While expectations for the role of S&I have been growing, the conditions in which S&I operate have changed drastically. S&I is now a global activity, it is not the preserve of rich countries, as emerging countries are taking an increasingly active participation by performing research and other types of innovative activities. Information Technology has changed many aspects of the way S&I operate, by increasing productivity or research, allowing closer connections between business labs and customers, facilitating global cooperation in research, etc. Finally, the macroeconomic environment is having a significant impact on S&I. Emerging countries have continued growing and their innovative activities have increased accordingly, but with the macroeconomic downturn now reaching them as well, the future of R&D may become less certain.

2012- Seoul

Towards Strong, Green and Inclusive Growth

In its second edition, the Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy looked at approaches and policies that can help develop a sustainable and inclusive future. The GFKE 2012 examined the state of economies, addressed key challenges and explored good policy practices at the national level as well as steps that should be taken at the international level.

2011- Paris

Better Innovation Policies for Better Lives

Improving national science and innovation policies

How can science and innovation help?

Science and innovation policy on a shoestring – how can governments better leverage public funding following the financial crisis?

Strengthening science-industry interactions

Changing the game – boosting entrepreneurship

Fostering gre en innovation

 Science and innovation for inclusive development

Making the transformation happen – applying science and innovation in emerging and developing economies

International co-operation – scaling up good practices

Technology transfer – towards new solutions?

Presentation of the 2011 Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard

Science and innovation for inclusive development

Better innovation policies for better lives – Conclusions and next steps 

Launch of the OECD-SIDA Project on Innovation, Research and Higher Education for Development (IHERD)


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Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Chinese Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Administered Areas
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands (UK)
  • Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe