English, , 2,985kb
The OECD’s 50th Anniversary is an opportunity to reaffirm what we stand for and what we are about. After 50 years, our objective is and remains to help member and partner country’s governments to formulate and implement better policies for better lives.
The way science is done has been changed radically by the connectivity offered by the Internet and other communication tools. This means that what has been called the science of science policy will have to change too, says this OECD Insights blogpost.
The G20 helped steer the world through the worst of the economic storm; now it must show it can set in motion a new governance for the post-crisis world. That's a task our organisation stands ready to help with, says the OECD's G20 Sherpa, Gabriela Ramos.
What deep structural changes does Europe need to consider if it's to keep up in innovation? Andrew Wyckoff, Director of Science, Technology and Industry at the OECD addresses this and more in this OECD Insights blogpost.
“We cannot return to business-as-usual” has been a constant refrain since the economic crisis started. How can new growth sources be tapped? What about fighting poverty, and ensuring food and energy supplies while safeguarding our planet? OECD experts discuss the issues.
OECD countries need growth if they are to emerge from the crisis and create jobs. But where will that growth come from? Also, with challenges such as climate change and global development, how can cleaner, smarter economic activity be unleashed?
“We must be able to grow our economy in ways that the earth can sustain. That means growth without carbon and using the earth’s amazing larder of natural resources in ways that keep ecosystems healthy.” says WWF chief James P. Leape
In this speech, Angel Gurría called for countries to rethink their policies to nurture and guide innovation, noting that innovation needs to be seen as a system.
Well-timed and targeted innovation boosts productivity, increases economic growth and helps solve societal problems. But how can governments encourage more people to innovate more of the time? And how can government itself be more innovative?
The OECD Innovation Strategy provides a set of principles for fostering innovation in people (workers and consumers), in firms and in government. It takes an in-depth look at the scope of innovation and how it is changing, as well as where and how it is occurring. The result is the formulation of far-reaching policies for innovation using recent research and data.
For more information about the OECD Innovation Strategy, see www.oecd.org/innovation/strategy.
"a thoughtful new report on how governments can do better at spurring and measuring innovation." -The Economist
Measuring Innovation: A New Perspective presents new measures and new ways of looking at traditional indicators. It builds on 50 years of indicator development by OECD and goes beyond R&D to describe the broader context in which innovation occurs. It includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest. It highlights measurement gaps and proposes directions for advancing the measurement agenda.
This publication begins by describing innovation today. It looks at what is driving innovation in firms, and how the scientific and research landscape is being reconfigured by convergence, interdisciplinarity and the new geography of innovation hot spots. It presents broader measures of innovation, for example using new indicators of investment in intangible assets and trademarks.
Human capital is the basic input of innovation, and a series of indicators looks at how well education systems are contributing to the knowledge and research bases. Further series examine how firms transform skills and knowledge, and shed light on the different roles of public and private investment in fostering innovation and reaping its rewards, with concrete examples from major global challenges such as health and climate change.
Measuring Innovation is a major step towards evidence-based innovation policy making. It complements traditional “positioning”-type indicators with ones that show how innovation is, or could be, linked to policy. It also recognises that much more remains to be done, and points to the measurement challenges statisticians, researchers and policy makers alike need to address.