Between 2000 and 2010, US manufacturing experienced a nightmare. The number of manufacturing jobs in the United States, which had been relatively stable at 17 million since 1965, declined by one third in that decade, falling by 5.8 million to below 12 million in 2010 (returning to just 12.3 million in 2016). Certainly, the 2007–08 recession accelerated the disruption, but the causes were also structural, not simply financial.
The US innovation system has many strengths, including world class research universities and firms that thrive in innovation-intensive sectors.
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This background report is one of a series of papers prepared by countries participating in an activity of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), “Attracting, Developing and Retaining Effective Teachers.” The focus of the country background reports is on the aspects of teacher policy that deal with how to attract, recruit, develop, and retain effective teachers. The report has the following four objectives:
Results from United States schools that took part in this study, which was carried out to understand how ICT relates to educational innovation.