Japan is embarked on a demographic transition without precedent in human history: the population is both declining and ageing rapidly. This raises important questions about the country's future economic geography, as public policies will need both to respond to these shifts and also to shape them. Demographic change will have particularly important implications for the settlement pattern of the country, and this, in turn, will affect Japan's ability to sustain economic growth and the well-being of its citizens. This Review therefore focuses on the spatial implications of demographic change and the response of spatial policies to it, particularly as these interact with other policies aimed at sustaining the productivity growth that a "super-ageing" Japan will need in order to maintain its future prosperity. The Japanese authorities have recently put in place a complex package of long-term spatial and structural policies aimed at meeting this challenge. Their experience should be of first-order interest to other OECD countries, as most face the prospect of rapid population ageing and many are also projected to experience significant population decline over the coming decades.
The overarching theme of the 2014 Global Forum, held in Tokyo on 2 and 3 October, was data-driven innovation for a resilient society. The event focused on the collection and use of data throughout the economy and society for enhanced growth and well-being.
The OECD has launched an initiative with the Japanese Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Fukushima University and local schools for students in the Tohoku region to create and organise an event that will showcase the country’s recovery from the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake.
This book draws on work on green innovation across several parts of the OECD to show how it can drive sustainable growth and job creation. It explores policy actions for the deployment of new technologies and innovations as they emerge.
This book examines dynamics between demand and innovation and provides insights into the rationale and scope for public policies. Drawing on country experience and case studies, it illustrates good practices for designing, implementing and evaluating demand-side innovation policies.
This conference will consider innovation in the software sector from business and economic perspectives, taking into account the factors that drive innovation, including key framework conditions.
This publication examines the innovation system in pharmaceutical biotechnology in eight OECD countries. Based on rich evidence, it draws policy recommendations to foster innovation in biopharmaceuticals advocating an integrated policy approach.
This study shows how knowledge-intensive services activities (KISAs) contribute to the acquisition and growth capabilities of firms and public sector organisations.
This book presents case studies on innovation policy governance in Australia, Austria, Belgium (Flanders), Finland, Greece, Ireland, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway and Sweden. It provides fresh insight into how governments are striving to make innovation policy more coherent.
Results from schools in Japan that took part in this study, which was carried out to understand how ICT relates to educational innovation.