"In OECD countries, tourism, a key driver of globalisation, accounts for between 2 and 12 per cent of GDP, between 3 and 11 per cent of employment and about 30 per cent of services exports."
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ISBN Number: 9789264039674
Publication Date: 11/02/2008
Number of tables: 135
Number of graphs: 52
The relevance of tourism to countries’ economic, services and employment performance is widely recognised. Governments, increasingly aware of the strong potential of tourism, travel and leisure, now give serious policy consideration to this industry at national, regional and local levels.
Tourism in OECD Countries 2008: Trends and Policies is the first edition of a biennial publication which analyses best practice in OECD and selected non-member economies. It surveys a number of initiatives taken by governments and businesses in the tourism field.
The report opens with an overview of the key issues and challenges in tourism policy. The second chapter reviews, in detail, two important aspects of tourism policy: the impact of global value chains and the role of services trade liberalisation in tourism development. The third chapter presents detailed profiles on organisation, budgets, policies, programmes and statistics in tourism for 32 countries.
This publication makes a significant contribution to the international tourism policy and business debate; it is essential reading for all actors involved in this increasingly dynamic and important global industry.
The Excel™ spreadsheets used to create the tables and charts in this book are available via the StatLinks printed in this book.
Table of contents
An overview of the new paradigm for international tourism policy, and analyses of the key issues and challenges currently facing policy makers.
Examines the effects of the increasing globalisation of the international travel and tourism industry on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The chapter:
i.) Details the nature of the global value chains in which tourism SMEs now operate. Country case studies (Australia, Austria, Germany-Jordan, Korea, Spain, Poland and Switzerland) are analysed in the report and some of the key challenges and opportunities currently facing the tourism industry are identified.
ii.) Examines the role that services trade liberalisation could play in fostering tourism growth in developing countries. The study looks at Brazil, India and Indonesia, and demonstrates that tourism may be one of the most interconnected services sectors in these economies.
The third chapter presents policy profiles on tourism in 32 OECD member and non-member countries. Detailed statistical profiles provide up-to-date information on inbound tourism (international arrivals and tourism receipts), outbound tourism (departures and tourism expenditure), employment in tourism and tourism in the economy (i.e. tourism as a percentage of GDP, as percentage of total employment, as a percentage of services export).
To compliment Chapter 2, the following case studies are available below:
Australia: "Enhancing the Role of Australian SMEs in Global Value Chains"
Austria: "Successful Alliances for SMEs in the Austrian Tourism Sector"
Korea: "Enhancing the Role of Korean SMEs in Tourism Global Value Chains"
Poland: "Value Chains in the Polish Hotel Industry"
Spain: (Andalusia) "The Role of Andalusian SMEs in Tourism Global Value Chains"
Spain: (Baleric Islands) "Enhancing the Role of Baleric Islands’ SMEs in Global Value Chains"
Figure 3.2. Tourism in the economy, 2006
How to obtain this publication
Readers can access the full version of Tourism in OECD Countries 2008: Trends and Policies choosing from the following options:
For further information, please contact the OECD Tourism Programme.
Policy Brief: Opening up Trade in Services: Key for Tourism Growth