Industry and entrepreneurship

The Next Production Revolution

Implications for Governments and Business

Published on May 10, 2017

Also available in: French

This publication examines the opportunities and challenges, for business and government, associated with technologies bringing about the “next production revolution”. These include a variety of digital technologies (e.g. the Internet of Things and advanced robotics), industrial biotechnology, 3D printing, new materials and nanotechnology. Some of these technologies are already used in production, while others will be available in the near future. All are developing rapidly. As these technologies transform the production and the distribution of goods and services, they will have far-reaching consequences for productivity, skills, income distribution, well-being and the environment. The more that governments and firms understand how production could develop in the near future, the better placed they will be to address the risks and reap the benefits.

SUMMARIESavailable in 2 languages

English The Next Production Revolution (Summary in English)
Italian The Next Production Revolution


Executive summary
List of acronyms, abbreviations and units of measure
The next production revolution: Key issues and policy proposals
Key emerging technologies5 chapters available
Benefits and challenges of digitalising production
Bioproduction and the bioeconomy
Tapping nanotechnology's potential to shape the next production revolution
3D printing and its environmental implications
Revolutionising product design and performance with materials innovation
Cross-cutting themes6 chapters available
The next production revolution and institutions for technology diffusion
Public acceptance and emerging production technologies
The role of foresight in shaping the next production revolution
An international review of emerging manufacturing R&D priorities and policies for the next production revolution
The rise of advanced manufacturing institutes in the United States
China and the next production revolution
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Launch event

G7-Italy-logoWithin the framework of the 2017 Italian G7 Presidency, the Ministry of Economic Development organised the launch of the OECD’s Report “The Next Production Revolution: Implications for Governments and Business”. The Report was presented in Rome with the introduction of the Deputy Minister of Economic Development Teresa Bellanova, the participation of Gabriela Ramos, Chief of Staff and G20 Sherpa OECD, Raffaele Trombetta, Italy’s G7/G20 Sherpa, and Stefano Firpo, Director General for Industrial Policy of the Ministry of Economic Development.

Read more about the launch event


Read the Executive Summary in Italian




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The OECD's Going Digital project is a multidisciplinary, cross-cutting initiative that aims to help policymakers in all relevant policy areas better understand the digital transformation that is taking place across different sectors of the economy and society as a whole. It will articulate recommendations for pro-active – rather than reactive – policies that will help to drive greater growth and societal well-being and help address the challenges of slow productivity growth, high unemployment and growing inequality in many countries.

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