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Industry and entrepreneurship

The Missing Entrepreneurs 2019

Policies for Inclusive Entrepreneurship

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Published on December 10, 2019

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The Missing Entrepreneurs 2019 is the fifth edition in a series of biennial reports that examine how public policies at national, regional and local levels can support job creation, economic growth and social inclusion by overcoming obstacles to business start-ups and self-employment by people from disadvantaged or under-represented groups in entrepreneurship. It shows that there is substantial potential to combat unemployment and increase labour market participation by facilitating business creation in populations such as women, youth, the unemployed, and immigrants. However, the specific problems they face need to be recognised and addressed with effective and efficient policy measures. The 2019 edition contains two thematic policy chapters on the potential of digital entrepreneurship for making entrepreneurship more inclusive and increasing the scale-up potential of start-ups by entrepreneurs from disadvantaged groups. These thematic chapters discuss current policy issues and present the range of policy actions currently used in EU and OECD countries. The chapters also offer policy advice to national, regional and local policy makers. Finally, the report contains country profiles that highlight recent trends in entrepreneurship by women, youth, seniors and immigrants, key policy issues and recent policy actions in each of the 28 EU Member States.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface by the OECD
Preface by the European Commission
Foreword
Reader’s Guide
Executive summary
Key findings and recommendations
Glossary
Inclusive entrepreneurship indicators: Activity rates and barriers5 chapters available
Women’s self-employment and entrepreneurship activities
Youth self-employment and entrepreneurship activities
Senior’s self-employment and entrepreneurship activities
Self-employment and entrepreneurship from unemployment
Self-employment and entrepreneurship indicators for immigrants
Policies for inclusive entrepreneurship3 chapters available
What potential does digital entrepreneurship have for being inclusive?
Increasing the scale-up potential for disadvantaged entrepreneurs
Reader’s guide for the country profiles
Country profiles: Key inclusive entrepreneurship trends, issues and recent policy actions28 chapters available
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
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Launch event

The Missing Entrepreneurs 2019 will be launched on 10 December 2019 at the 15th OECD Local Development Forum by OECD DSG Knudsen. 

Highlights

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Contact

For more information about this report, please contact David HALABISKY. Journalists are invited to contact the OECD Media Division.